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173
The Parker Chronicle(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Anglo-Saxon Laws. Sedulius
Codicology:Vellum, 290 x 210 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), Volume I: (11.3 x 8.3 in.), Volume II: (11.1 x 8.2 in.), ff. 56 + 27, two volumes: I, cent. ix-xi; II, cent. viii-ix.
Collation:
Volume I: 18 (wants 1) 210 (1 canc., 8 canc.: one added) | 310 (3 and 7 canc., 10* added) 48 (wants 8) | 510 (1 canc.) 6 [marked E]14 (3, 5, 9 canc.) 74 (4 somewhat cut).
Volume II: A2 B10 C8 D8 (wants 8).
New Pal Soc.: 18 (wants 1) 210 (one canc., 7 added) 38 (+1) 48 (wants 8).
Provenance:Volume I: It was in the Library of Christ Church, Canterbury, no. 311 in Prior Eastry's Catalogue (Ancient Libraries, pp. xxvi, 509). The first leaf with press-mark etc. has disappeared since Parker's time1. It appears to have been written at Winchester down to the year 1001, and thereafter at Christ Church, Canterbury. Professor Earle suggested that it was transferred from Winchester to Canterbury when the monks at the latter place were endeavouring to repair the losses in their library caused by the fire of 1067 (Plummer, p. xxv note). Another possibility ( New Pal. Soc. ) is that Ælfheah, bishop of Winchester, may have brought it with him when he became archbishop in 1006.
At the Dissolution the volume came into the hands of Dr Nicholas Wotton the first Dean of Canterbury, who gave it to Parker. See Introduction .
Additions:The contents of the first volume are briefly these:
Chronicle, ff. 1r-32r.
Latin Acts of Lanfranc, f. 32r-32v.
Laws, ff. 33r-52v.
Lists of proper bishops etc. ff. 53r-55v (f. 56r, 56v blank.)
Additions:A xiiith cent. scribble on the 2nd leaf of the Chronicle, another on f. 55v, and two others on ff. 82r and 83v of the Sedulius, seem to me to be all in one hand. If so, the two portions have long been bound together
Foliation: ff. i-ii + 1-83 + iii-iv(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Old English and Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
Volume I
1r-32r
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, A-version, preceded by the West-Saxon Royal Genealogy (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
The most recent edition is that of the Rev. C. Plummer, M.A., Corpus Christi College, Oxford (vol. I, 1892, II, 1899). His symbol for this MS. is Ā. He describes it fully at p. xxiii sqq. of vol. II
Facsimiles in Mon. Hist. Brit. pl. xxiii, xxiv and New Pal. Soc. pls. 134-136
On previous editions of the text see Plummer's Introduction
The Chronicle, mostly in single columns except f. 1v (part) to f. 4v sub fin. where it is in double columns: number of lines varying from 39 to 25
A complete survey of the hands in which this is written is given by Plummer, p. xxv, 13 and in the New Pal. Soc.
Plummer's list summarized is as follows:
1. To the end of f. 16r death of Suibhne in 891, and the year-number 892.
2. f. 16v including part of 894 (to Ac hi haefdon).
3. f. 17r-17v.
4. f. 18r to f. 21r sub fin. (end of 912).
5. f. 21r sub fin. to f. 24v sub fin. (end of 921) except three lines on f. 28v.
6. Three lines on f. 23v (gefaran mehte ... abraecon), four lines on f. 24v (beginning of 922): apparently more, now erased and re-written on f. 23v. A poor scribe.
7. f. 25r-25v to end of 924, half of f. 25v left blank.
8. f. 26r to f. 27v, end of 955.
9. f. 28r and year-number 968 on f. 28v.
10. f. 28v to f. 30r sub fin., end of 1001, except the last ten words.
So far the Winchester portion.
11. (Year-numbers on f. 30r?) f. 30v to f. 31v, end of 1066, except the last sentence about the comet and the fragmentary charter at 1031.
12. f. 31v last sentence of 1066 and first part of 1070 to gehersumnesse mid aðswerunge.
13. The charter at 1031 and the remainder of 1070.
14. The Latin Acts of Lanfranc and some of the lists of bishops etc.
There are also numerous interpolations, most of them by the scribe 14 who is also according to Mr Plummer the scribe of Domitian A. VIII (the Latin-Saxon Chronicle called F). Others are:
The annals 710 accidentally omitted, supplied by scribe 8.
Additions at 923 and 941 by no. 11 (a Christchurch hand).
Additions relating to Dunstan at 925 (first part), 943, 956, 959, 961, by no. 12.
Early additions at (688), 728, 870, 890, 993, 1001.
At 988 is a beautifully-written small Latin note on the death of Dunstan.
The hands were dated as follows by Dr G. F. Warner (l. c. p. xxvii note). Nos. 1-6 900-930; no. 7 cir. 930; no. 8 cir. 960; no. 10 cir. 1000; no. 11 cir. 1075.
For remarks on the character and affinities of the script, the description in New Pal. Soc. should be consulted
Cameron B17.1, incorporating the Chronicle poems Cameron A10.1-4(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
32r-32v
Acta Lanfranci (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The Latin Acts of Lanfranc are printed by Plummer, vol. I, App. B, pp. 287-292. In the MS. this Parkerian note is prefixed to them in the margin
32r
hec habentur in libro S. Aug. cui titulus est Diversi tractatus monasterii S. Augustini
The book here mentioned was formerly in Parker's possession, but is marked in his Register as missing at the time when the collection was bequeathed to the College. It is now MS. 1213 in the Lambeth Library
2.
33r-52v
Anglo-Saxon Laws of Alfred and Ine (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The next two quires containing the Laws are apparently all in one hand, with 25 lines to a page
Liebermann, Gesetze p. xxiv, calls this MS. E, and assigns it to cir. 925. It is the oldest of his authorities. Text, p. 16
The writer in New Pal. Soc. speaks of the writing as “rounded English minuscules of the eleventh century”
33r
The capitula occupy ff. 33r-35r
35v
blank
36r
Laws of Alfred
39v
Laws(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) of Ine
Cameron B14.4 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
3.
53r-56v
Lists of popes and English bishops (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
53r
Rubric:
Incipiunt nomina pontificum romane urbis
The names as far as Damasus are in one hand: from Damasus to Julius in a second hand, and from Liberius (lx) to Marinus (cxxxv the numbers being continued to clxx) in a hand which may be that of the Latin on f. 32r (Acts of Lanfranc)
Two blank pages follow (ff. 53v, 54r)
54v
Then the list of the Popes who sent palls to archbishops, mostly in one hand of cent. xi (scribe of Acts of Lanfranc2): but the last two entries are added later, viz. Urbanus Anselmo, Paschalis Radulfo
55r
The lists of Archbishops and Bishops on the next leaf are in one hand, English of cent. x (?). They are in five columns
55r
Column 1:
Nomina archiepiscoporum dorouernensis ecclesie,
i Agustinus to xxiii Dunstan
55r
Column 2:
Nomina episcoporum hrofensis ecclesie,
i Paulinus to xv Ælfstan
55r
Column 3:
“Nomina episcoporum orientalium Saxonum”
i Mellitus to xx Ælfstan
55r
Column 4:
Nomina episcoporum australium Saxonum
i Ƿilfrið to xvii Æþelgar
55r
Column 5:
Nomina episcaporum occidentalium Saxonum.
i. Primus occidentalium Saxonum birinus fuit episcopus qui cum consilio honorii papae uenerat brittanniam to xix Ealhferð
After xiii the numbers were originally written wrong and corrected
55v
On verso, original hand
55v
Col. 1 continues lists of West Saxon Bishops.
xx Tumberht to xxvii ælfheah
55v
Col. 2. Nomina episcoporum Scireburnensis ecclesie
i Aldhelm to xix æƿelsige
55v
Col. 3. Nomina episcoporum ƿiltuniensis ecclesie
i æþelstan to vii sigric
And, below
55v
Nomina episcoporum cridiensis ecclesiae
i Eadulf to iii Alfƿold
55v
Besides these are three Latin paragraphs in brown ink in Christ Church (Canterbury) hand, viz.
a. (col. 1)
55v
Nomina episcoporum lindisfarnensis id est dunelmensis ecclesie. Aidanus, Finanus etc.
ending
55v
Walcherus, Willelmus, Rannulfus
b. (col. 4)
55v
Nomina episcoporum eboracensis ecclesie
Primus ipsius ecclesie presul erat paulinus. Ordinatus arusto (sic for a iusto) archiepiscopo accipiens pallium ad consecrandum dorobernensem archiepiscopum ab honorio papa Hac enim de causa pallium habuit. (Here 1.5 lines erased.) Turbatis postea rebus northanhymbrorum paulinus rediit cantiam et quoniam rofensis ecclesia pastore tunc fuerat destituta: inuitante honorio archiepiscopo curam ipsius ecclesie suscepit. in qua moriens pallium reliquit. Post cuius discessum ab ecclesia eboracensi quod fuit anno. dc xxxiii dominice incarnat. usque dcc. xxxv. annum incarnacione dominice hoc est per cii. annos presides eboracenses non habuerunt pallium. Primus ipsius ecclesie presul paulinus. Ceadda, Wilfridus etc. to Thomas, Gerardus, Thomas
c. Across the page at bottom
55v
Sciendum quod theodorus archiepiscopus sepe northanhymbrorum prouinciam sua presentia uisitauit epos, ordinando et in quibus locis ante non fuerant constituendo et alia primatis anglorum officia administrando. Testatur namque beda quod pulso ab episcopatu pro sua inobedientia Wilfrido duos in eius locum substituit episcopos (etc. he ordained other bishops and presided at a synod in Northumbria). Hec et alia nonnulla ex iure primatis anglorum suo tempore ibidem exercuit. etiam eo tempore quo eboracensis ecclesia suum episcopum habuit. bosam uidelicet qui Wilfrido successerat
After this a hand more like that of the Lists, but not identical with it, writes
55v
Hec sunt nomina regum cantie post aduentum Sancti Augustini, Ægelberhtus, Eadbaldus, Hercanberhtus, Egberhtus, Lotharius, Wihtredus, Eadberhtus, Ægelbertus
The last leaf of the quire (7) is ruled but blank (f. 56r-56v)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College): edges have been cut off it
Volume II
57r-58v
Sedulius, Letter I to Macedonius (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sedulius
(cent. viii-ix Bradshaw)
ff. 57r-58v are in single lines, in a different hand from the rest3, 33 lines to a page. The rest is in double columns of 27 lines. Both hands are of Celtic aspect. The first is much rounder and more legible than the second
At the top of f. 57r in large capitals is
57r
Rubric:
FRI ÐESTAN
57r
(followed by diacon in minuscule)
The first three letters appear to have been written over some others, two of which appear to be IN. The letters in DES (with a tall minuscule s)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) seem perhaps to be altered from DEI. I have some suspicion that an inscription in capitals IN DEI NOMINE has been partly erased and adapted to FRIÐESTAN. Dr G. F. Browne, Bishop of Bristol, has suggested that this name may be an early signature of Frithestan afterwards (909) Bishop of Winchester
References are made here to the edition by Huemer in the Vienna Corpus Scriptt. Eccl. Latt. (1885) for which this manuscript was not used
57r
(1r)
Rubric:
Incipit epistula sedulii ad macedonium praesbiterum
57r
Incipit:
Sedulii iuxta fidem catholicam christiani. Inquo sunt haec uersibus heroicis paschalis carminis Libri u.
57r
Sancto ac beatissimo patri macedonoi presbitero sedulius in christo salutem
(p. 1)
57r
Incipit:
Priusquam me uenerabilis pater
58v
Explicit:
Cum [patre et corr.] sancto spiritu per omnia (in cuncta corr.) secula seculorum
(p. 13)
Corrector adds in space
58v
h p usque ad passionem et resurrectionem ascensionemque domini nostri Ihesu Christi
Red capitals
58v
Rubric:
Explicit epistola Sedulii ad Macedonium presbiterum
59r-79v
Sedulius, Carmen paschale(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sedulius
The second hand
59r
(3r)
Large initial P with serpent heads and panels of interlaced work: dotted with red and ? purple
59r
Incipit:
Paschales quicumque dapes
(p. 14)
Titles are in small capitals: often in the margin
Smaller initials are sometimes plain Roman in red: some are of the Celtic type, with dots about them
68r
(12r)
A bit of Celtic ornament drawn in the margin
68v
(12v)
Upper L. corner in red RA. Each book has an interesting initial
Ends
79v
(23v)
Explicit:
per tanta uolumina libros
(p. 146)
79v
Rubric:
Explicit liber u.
79v-80r
Sedulius, Hymn A solis ortus cardine(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sedulius
79v
Rubric:
Incipit carmen (de laud)e christi
79v
(23v)
Incipit:
A solis ortus cardine
(p. 163)
80r
Explicit:
caelis reddidit
80r
Rubric:
Explicit carmen de (?na)t' domini nostri Ihesu Christi
80r-81r
Sedulius, Letter II to Macedonius(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sedulius
80r
(24r)
Rubric:
Incipit Epistolis sancti Seduli ad
80r
(24r)
Incipit:
Sancto ac beatisimo patri macedonio praes. Sedulius in Christo salutem
(p. 171)
80r
Incipit:
Praecipisti reuerendae mi domine paschalis carminis textum
Ends f. 81r col. 1
81r
Explicit:
cum patre et sancto spiritu per omnia secula seculorum. Amen, beatissime ora pro me pater, finit
81r-81v
Verses of Damasus on St Paul (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
81r
(25r)
Incipit:
Iam dutum salus (saulus) procerum praecepta secutus cum domino patrias uellet praeponere leges
(Verses of Damasus on St Paul, P. L. XIII 379)
Ending
81v
Explicit:
Sancte tuus damasus uoluit triumphos
81v-82v
Sedulius, Elegia(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sedulius
81v
(25v)
Incipit:
Cantemus socii domino cantemus honorem
(Hymnus I. p. 155)
81v
(25v)
At bottom an omission of a couplet is supplied
Ends
82v
Explicit:
Cum sancto spiritu gloria magna patri
Finit hoc opusculum deo gratias. Amen
82v-83v
Augustine, De ciuitate Dei, xviii.23 (excerpts) with three versions of Sibylline prophecies(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
82v
(26v)
Rubric:
Hec sunt uaticiniae sibillae (?de Christo)
83r
Incipit:
In manus infidelium post ea ueniet. dabunt et deo alapas manibus
83r
Explicit:
Et tunc ab inferis regressus ad lucem ueniet primus resurrectionis principio reuocatus ostenso
(Aug. de civ. dei xviii 23 from Lactantius)
83r
(27r)
Incipit:
Iudicii signum tellus sudore madescit
(Aug. de civ. dei xviii 23)
83v
Explicit:
e caelo ignisque et sulphur(is) annis
83v
(27v)
Incipit:
Hos predicens uersus sanctus / Agustinus ex libro sybellae adsu / mens in xxuii (blank) dei de greco / translates inseruit. non nulli hanc / sybellam aput grecos / natam ferunt eo tempore quo / romulus romam condidit in iudea / aesaia et osse profetantibus regnante ezechia, alii uero belli troiani temporibus quaedam de Christo / manifesta scribsise
83v
Rubric:
Item in / ... uersos de aduentu Christi
83v
Incipit:
Iudicii signum su / dauit rupada tellus / et saecli ueniet qui / cuncta lauabit secoram / celsus iudex orbemque probabit / etc.
The writing of col. 2 is very faint. Ends
83v
Explicit:
Salpix luctifera caelo tune uoce sonabit / Adfore iam monstrantur erumnasque adfore / Saecu(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)li. loetiferumque chaus monstrauit terra de (?hiscens)
This second version is not among those given by Alexandre (Oracula Sibyllina II 230)
In the earlier part have been a good many Anglo-Saxon glosses, but a large number are erased. After col. 1 of f. 64v glosses of any kind decrease markedly in number
Old English glosses to Sedulius are Cameron C97.2(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
1  The first remaining page is numbered 3 by Parker.
2  Lanfranc's name is written in capitals.
3  f. 58v may very well be by a third hand