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139
Simeon of Durham OSB, Historia regum. Richard of Hexham OSA, De gestis regis Stephani et de bello standardii. John of Hexham OSA, Nennius(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Simeon Dunelmensis. Ricardus et Johannes de Hexham. Nennius
Codicology:Vellum, 302 x 217 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) (12 x 8.4 in.), ff. 182 + 2, double columns of 36 and 35 lines. Cent. xii, in several hands. Mommsen assigns the Nennius-portion to cent. xiii, but to me it seems that all is of cent. xii late.
Collation: a2 I10 (10 canc.) II8 (2 canc.) III8 IV8 V10 (4, 5, cut out and replaced by a sheet of two leaves: (8 canc.) VI10 VII8 (+ 1 leaf of cent. xvi inserted before 8) VIII8-XVI8 (+1) XVII8 XVIII8 XIX14 (1, 2 canc.) XX8 (wants 5-8) | XXI10 (10 canc.) XXII8 (wants 6, 7).
Additions:f. ir covered with paper: on f. iva xvth cent. sketch of the Virgin crowned and the Child.
f. iir xvth cent. list of contents: In hoc libro continentur hec (15 items).
f. iir 3 verses (xv) scribbled.
Three extracts in a black hand of cent. xii:
(a) Gennadius massiliensis in libro de illustribus uiris
Jeronimus natus patre eusebio... Eusebius quoque cesaree palestine ep... Dexter uero pagatiani filius...
(to the effect that all three wrote historia omnimoda)
Hec in libris illustr. uirorum de omnimoda hysteria scripta sunt.
(b) Titulus origenis super tumulum eius ab ipso compositus
Ille ego origenes doctor uerissimus olim
...
His mihi coniectum undique tela premunt.
(From the verses composed by Isidore of Seville for his library.)
(c) Pompeius trogus ciuis romanus fuit. cuius pater sub gaio cesare militauit ... cuius libris omnium seculorum regum nationum populorumque res geste continentur.
Col. 2 has been written and carefully erased.
Provenance:Most editors assign the book to Hexham, Mommsen to Salley on account of its relation to University Library Ff. 1. 27, part of which is from Salley (see MS 66). I consider Hexham the more likely.
It is clear from many (eleven) references in Bale's Index Scriptorum (s.v. Nennius, Ailred, Ric. Hagustaldensis, Chronicon p. 488, etc.) that in his time a book very similar to this in contents was at Westminster Abbey. This fact is recognized by the editors of the Index. When Joscelin wrote his Catalogue of British historians, it seems to have been in the hands of a prebendary of Westminster named Pekyns. But from the same catalogue we learn that Dr Nicholas Wotton, Dean of Canterbury, gave Parker a volume containing much of the same matter as this. The items specified by Joscelin are Simeon of Durham, John and Richard of Hexham, and articles 11, 12, 14 in this MS. It seems most likely therefore that the Westminster volume was a sister book to this, and has perished, and that MS 139 is the book given by Dean Wotton to Parker.
Wotton was Dean of York as well as of Canterbury and so may have procured the volume from his northern home.
Foliation: ff. a-d + i-ii + 1-180 + iii-vi(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
1r-16v
Historia omnimoda ab orbe condito ad regnum Davidis, cui subnectuntur nomina pontificum Romanorum a Sancto Petro ad Calixtum II (Content authored by Nasmith)
1r
Rubric:
Incipit historia omnimoda
1r
Incipit:
Mundum sine inicio dicimus in tempore
Sections follow, de deo et anima, de dissensione annorum, Diuerse opiniones philosophorum et nostrorum
Quotations from Ambrose, Augustine, Origen, Epiphanius
2r
Incipit:
de salute adam
2r
Explicit:
qui interrogat ueniam clare desiderat
2r
(3r)
Rubric:
Cronica omnimode hystorie
2r
Incipit:
Prima etas mundi fuit ab adam usque ad noe
Arnobius rethor in psalmos is quoted: also Rabanus in Genesim, Gregorius Turonensis
Goes down to David. The last paragraphs are
De bello codri etc.
Bersellai galaadites fidelis dauid achitefel proditorius
Nota quod lucas euuang. generationem domini a salathiel usque ad dauid per xxx uiros ascendendo conuenerat. Similiter ab ultimo Joseph us(que) ad salathiel
15v
Rubric:
Exortatio scriptoris
(in another hand)
15v
Incipit:
Per descriptum uolubile tempus sic uoluitur uolubilis mundus
15v
Explicit:
per lumen scientie ad gloriam et honorem perducaet
15v
Rubric:
Hec sententia debet scribi post nomina pontificum
16r
List of Popes to Calixtus II (1119-1124)
16v
Rubric:
Explicit omnimoda historia
Another copy (with different ending) in MS. Magdalen College Oxford 8
2.
17r-35v
Regino of Prüm, Chronicon (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Cronica abbatis Prumiensis monasterii a Christo nato ad annum 1002 (Content authored by Nasmith)
17r
Rubric:
Incipit cronica abbatis prumiensis monasterii ubi lotharius imperator ad conuersionem uenit
17r
Incipit:
Anno imperii Octouiani cesaris xl. ii. iesus Christus filius dei natus est
Here begins a hand which has written the bulk of the volume
29r
Liber II
35v
Explicit:
ex quo uulnere eadem nocte extinguitur
35v
Rubric:
Explicit cronica abatis prumiensis ecclesiae
Regino of Prum. MGH. Scriptores I 537. This MS. was not seen by the editors. It ends in 1002 (p. 609 MGH)
3.
36r-46r
Richard of Hexham OSA, De gestis regis Stephani et de bello standardii (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Historia piae memoriae Ricardi prioris Hagustaldensis ecclesiae de gestis regis Stephani et de bello Standardii (Content authored by Nasmith)
Originally began on the same page (f. 35v) but a little more than half a column has been erased. The two next leaves were cut out and replaced by a sheet (still cent. xii) in at least three hands
36r
Rubric:
Incipit historia pie memorie prioris Ricardi Haugustaldensis ecclesiae De gestis regis Stephani et de bello standardii
36r
Incipit:
Anno uerbi incarnati m.c.xxxv
Last printed in Chronicles of Stephen, Henry II, Richard I (Rolls) by R. Howlett: III p. lvi: 137. This is the only copy
Ends
46r
Explicit:
defuncti sunt
46r
Rubric:
Explicit bellum standardii
4.
46r-48v
Cronica ab Adamo ad Henricum V. imperatorem (Content authored by Nasmith)
46r
Rubric:
Incipit cronica ab Adam usque ad henricum
Incipit:
Adam c.xxx. annorum genuit seth cui superuixit dccctis
48v
Explicit:
posteritas uidebit
48v
Rubric:
Expliciunt cronica a principio mundi usque ad Henricum imperatorem filium Henrici qui anno vto regni sui accepit Mathildem filiam Henricus regis anglie in coniugium. Anno ab incarnatione domini m. c. et x
Contains short notes of English affairs, especially of the northern sees
5.
48v-90r
Simeon of Durham OSB, Epistola ad Hugonem decanum Eboracensem de archiepiscopis Eboracensium (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Epistola Simeonis monachi ecclesiae S. Cuthberti Dunelmi ad Hugonem decanum Eboracensem de archiepiscopis Eboraci (Content authored by Nasmith)
48v
Ed. Raine, Historians of the Church of York (Rolls) II xvii 252, principally from another MS. Twysden Scriptores, col. 75, gives our text
6.
50r-51v
Simeon of Durham OSB (attrib.), De obsessione Dunelmi et de probitate Ucthredi comitis et de comitibus qui ei succeserunt (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
De obsessione Dunelmi et de probitate Uithredi comitis (Content authored by Nasmith)
50r
Arnold: Symeon of Durham (Rolls) I 315, Twysden, col. 79
Ends f. 51v
7.
52r-129v
Simeon of Durham OSB, Historia regum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Historia sanctae et suavis memoriae Symeonis monachi et precentoris ecclesiae sancti Cuthberti Dunelmi de regibus Anglorum et Dacorum et creberrimis bellis et rapinis et incendiis eorum post obitum venerabilis Bedae presbiteri fere usque ad obitum Henrici filii Willelmi nothi (Content authored by Nasmith)
The title (Incipit historia sancte et suauis etc.) is written on f. 51v at the bottom of col. 2. But f. 52r sqq. are in a different hand, with rubric in large letters at top
52r
Rubric:
Incipit passio sanctorum Ethelberti atque Ethelredi regie stirpis puerorum
After four leaves the hand settles down into one like that of no. 1 which continues to f. 76r
f. 59v, recto blank, is an insertion of cent. xvi with the Prologus Rogeri de Houedon in historiam suam (which imitates the lost prologue of Symeon)
At the top of f. 60r is a xvith cent. note
Historia Simeonis Dunelm. monachi. sed desunt folia nonnulla. debuerat posuisse immediate post titulum operis ante passionem Ethelberti et Ethelredi
This is the only copy of the Historia Regum of Symeon: last printed by Arnold, Symeon of Durham II (Rolls: for his account of the MS. see p. x, etc.). Parts of the text occur in a xiith cent. MS. formerly Ashburnham, Appendix, no. 112 now Bibl. Nat. Nouv. acq. Lat. 692. A transcript of the C. C. C. MS. is in MS 100. 1
There are marginalia in various hands, notably one very tall one
There seems to be a change of hand at f. 76r (Arnold, p. 95), Sequitur recapitulatio
The hand which follows, on f. 77r, begins with a large red and green initial. It goes on for a long time
8.
129v-132v
John of Hexham OSA, Continuation of Simeon of Durham OSB's Historia regum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Historia Ioannis prioris Hagustaldensis ecclesiae XXV annorum (Content authored by Nasmith)
129v
(131v)
Printed by Arnold, Symeon of Durham II 284
On 132r is a rude late (?) sketch of a comet
On 132v intervene, in the text of John of Hexham, between pp. 296 and 297 of Arnold's ed., nos. 9 (Carmen Serlonis)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), 9a (Carmen de morte Sumerledi)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), 10 (Ailred, Relatio de standardo)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Another copy of 8 is in Biblioth que Nationale Nouv. acq. Lat. 692 (see above on 7)
132v-133r
Serlo of Fountains OCist, Descriptio de bello inter regem Scotiae et barones Angliae (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Descriptio Serlonis monachi fratris Radulphi abbatis de Parcho de bello inter regem Scotiae et barones Angliae (Content authored by Nasmith)
132v
(134v)
Carmen Serlonis. Twysden, col. 331. Raine, Lawrence of Durham, p. 74
133r-133v
William of Glasgow, Carmen de morte Sumerledi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
133r
(135r)
Carmen de morte Sumerledi. Arnold, l. c. II 385. Skene, Fordun I, Appendix V Raine, l. c. p. 78
10.
134r-138r
Aelred of Rievaulx OCist, Relatio de standardo (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Descriptio venerabilis viri Aetheldredi abbatis Rievallis de bello inter regem Scotiae et barones Angliae apud Standardum juxta Alvertoniam (Content authored by Nasmith)
Aethelred de bello Standardi, Chronicles of Stephen etc. II, see p. lviii. Skene, Fordun I, Appendix IV 136
Begins with a large red and green initial. On ff. 134v, 135r are two marginal drawings of the Standard: the first is late (cent. xvi?), the other original. These or similar ones have been often reproduced
On f. 138r the text of item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 8 is resumed. Arnold p. 297
138r
Rubric:
Explicit descriptio Aethelredi abbatis
138r
Rubric:
Incipit descriptio predicti prioris haugustaldensis ecclesie
Ends f. 147r
11.
147r-149v
Aelred of Rievaulx OCist, Miraculum de quadam sanctimonali de Watton (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Quoddam miraculum mirabile descriptum a viro venerabili Aethelredo abbate Rievall. de quadam sanctimoniali femina de Wattun (Content authored by Nasmith)
Printed in Twysden, col. 415. Migne P. L. CXCV 789
149v
(149r)
At end a xvith cent. note referring to the Life of St Elizabeth in MS 138 item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 10
12.
150r-152v
Stephen of Whitby OSB, Historia fundationis abbatiae Sanctae Mariae Eboracensis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Quo modo et a quibus cenobium Sanctae Mariae Eboraci fundatum sit, et quantas invidorum perturbationes impulsum sustinuerat, sed Dei protegente gratia magis ac magis auctum et multiplicatum fuerat; autore Stephano ejusdem cenobii abbate (Content authored by Nasmith)
Printed in Monasticon III 544
150r
(152r)
Begins with a green initial. These three leaves are in a fresh hand, upright and regular
13.
152v-152v
Quo modo Funtanense cenobium sumpsit exordium (Content authored by Nasmith)
152v
(154v)
is but a short paragraph prefatory to item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 14
14.
153r-158r
Thurstan archbishop of York, Epistola de egressu monachorum Fontanensium (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Epistola Thurstini archiepiscopi Eboraci ad Wilhelmum archiepiscopum Cantuariae de cenobio Sanctae Mariae Eboraci et observantia regulae Sancti Benedicti in eo (Content authored by Nasmith)
153r
(155r)
See Memorials of the Abbey of St Mary of Fountains, ed. Walbran, Surtees Society 1863
The script is probably the same as that of item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 11 etc.
15.
158r-160r
William of Malmesbury OSB, Gesta regum Anglorum (excerpt)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
De vita et conversatione Gereberti papae (Content authored by Nasmith)
158r
(160r)
From William of Malmesbury Gesta Regum I 193-201 fallere
16.
160r-161v
William of Malmesbury OSB, Gesta regum Anglorum (excerpt)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Visio Karoli imperatoris (Content authored by Nasmith)
160r
(162r)
ibid. I 112
17.
161r-161r
William of Malmesbury OSB, Gesta regum Anglorum (excerpt)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Visio S. Maurilii (Content authored by Nasmith)
161r
ibid. II 327
18.
161r-161v
William of Malmesbury OSB, Gesta regum Anglorum (excerpt)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
De annulo statuae commendato (Content authored by Nasmith)
161r
(163r)
ibid. I 256
19.
162r-165r
Geffrei Gaimar, Estoire des Engleis (excerpt)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Narratio de uxore Ernulfi ab Aella rege Deirorum violata (Content authored by Nasmith)
Printed in Gaimar (Rolls) I 328; also in the Notes to Gaimar, Monumenta I 795 and in Wright's Caxton Society edition
On a fresh quire and in a large regular hand
20.
165r-165v
De eo quod Eboracensis ecclesia nullum dominium super Scotos habere debet (Content authored by Nasmith)
165r
(167r)
Incipit:
De Eboracensi ecclesie primatu super scottos nulla est auctoritas
165v
Explicit:
possessiones ipsa in suum solum optinet
21.
165v-165v
Visio cuiusdam clerici de gloria regis Malcolmi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Visio cujusdam clerici de gloria regis Malcolmi (Content authored by Nasmith)
165v
(167v)
Rubric:
Visio Malcolmi cui ad singula interrogata super statu suo in hunc sensum respondit
165v
Incipit:
Cur sic care taces. pro me loquitur me(a) uita
14 lines ending
165v
quidque tuis mandans perpetuo ualeant
165v
Incipit:
Rex uero Malcolmus summe ingenuitatis titulus ueluti surculus ex dulcissima abscisus arbore
165v
Explicit:
lucidissima in celestes thesauros intulerunt mella
Skene, Fordun I, Appendix VI, from a copy furnished by Mr Henry Bradshaw: Raine, l. c. p. 81
22.
166r-176v
Nennius (attrib.), Historia Brittonum(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Eulogium brevissimum Britanniae insulae quod Ninnius Elvodugi discipulus congregavit (Content authored by Nasmith)
A new volume, double columns of 35 lines, hand very slightly sloping, plain red initials
The first leaf was originally blank
On the recto is a paragraph in a small hand of cent. xiii early, not beginning at the top of the page
166r
(168r)
Gualenses nichilominus insistebant ius suum sibi concedi postulantes
Quid enim inquiunt o rex formidas et tunicas illas ferreas quas eminus cernis nimium expauescis. Nobis certe sunt latera ferrea pectus ereum mens timoris uacua quorum nec pedes fugam nec unquam uulnus terga sensere. quid gallis apud cliderhou profuere lorice. Numquid non inermes isti ut dicunt illos et loricas proicere et negligere et scuta relinquere coegerunt. Uideat igitur o rex prudentia uestra quale sit in his habere fiduciam que in necessitate magis sunt oneri quam consolationi. Nos apud cliderhou de loricatis uictoriam reportauimus. Nos hodie et istos anime uirtute pro scuto utentes lanceis prosternemus. Hoc bellum factum est inter anglos et pictos et scottos apud cliderhou feria vi die vii [xii?] ante natiuitate sancti Johannis Baptistae anno predicto id est m. c. xxx viio
Bellum apud Cliderhou ubi multi nobiles et ignobiles perierunt
This is a quotation from Aelred de Bello Standardi (Chronicles of Stephen etc. II, p. 190)
On f. 166v are various items enumerated by Mommsen in his prolegomena to Nennius, Mon. Germ. Hist. XIII 1 (Chronica Minora III 1), p. 125
On the margin
166v
Incipit apologia. Nemnii britonum historiografi
and
166v
Incipit hystori[c]a ortografia mundi
(not as Mommsen)
Col. 1.
166v
Rubric:
Incipit eulogium breuissimum brittannie insule. quod Ninnius eluodugi discipulus congregauit
166v
Incipit:
Ego Ninnius eluodugi
166v
Explicit:
Cedo illi qui plus nouerit in ista pericia satis quam ego
166v
Rubric:
Explicit eulogium
166v
Rubric:
Item eiusdem quod scribi debet in fine libri
166v
Rubric:
De malis et peruersis naturis gen-ti-um
(Chronica Minora II 389)
Inuidia iudeorum
This is written in two columns, with additions by the large hand which annotates the MS. throughout and also by a neater and smaller hand
The original hand goes down to
Ira brittonum
then
De bonis naturis gentium
Prudencia hebreorum to Argutia hispanorum
The large hand adds to col. 1
Libido sueuorum
Duricia (uel superbia above) pictauorum 1
It adds to col. 2
A line erased
Communio normannorum
Grecus irascitur ante causam
Francus in causa
Romanus propter causam
Francus fortis
Romanus grauis
Affer semper uersipellis
The second (smaller) hand adds to the Vices
Spurcicia sclauorum
Rapacitas normannorum
Normanni nimis sunt animosi
The large hand adds to the Virtues
Sollercia egiptiorum
Col. 2. At top, three lines erased, perhaps written by the large hand
Despicientes deum viiio ab (hole in vellum) bates fuerunt
Riccardus prior primus abbas de fontibus [1132]
Riccardus sacrista se(cundus) abbas de fontibus [1139]
Lower down are the additions to the list of Virtues and Vices
Then in the original hand the two poems Adiutor benignus, and Fornifer
167r
(169r)
Rubric:
Sancti spiritus assit nobis gratia. Incipit Res gesta a Nennio sapiente composita
With marginal and interlinear additions in several hands including the large hand and the hand of f. 166v
Ends
176v
(178v)
Explicit:
finibus cosmi
(Mommsen, p. 218): the section ending thus is placed by several other MSS. as well as this after that ending Luchechach (Mommsen, p. 219) which forms the end of M.'s text
23.
176v-179r
Caradog of Llancarfan, Vita Sancti Gildae (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Res gestae a Nennio sapiente compositae, Vita sanctissimi atque doctissimi viri Gildas autore Caradoco Nancarbanensi (Content authored by Nasmith)
176v
(178v)
Vita Gildae
Mommsen, p. 107
Capitula and rubric in the hand of f. 166v
Ends 179r
In another rough hand follow
(a) Col. 1. The poem Fornifer
(b) Col. 2. On the translation of St Benedict to Fleury
179v
Incipit:
Circa hec tempora cum in castro cassino
(c) (De naturis gentium)
179v
Incipit:
Inuidia iudeorum
179v
Explicit:
Duritia uel superbia pictauorum
This is copied in a confused order
In the lower margin the name Aelsi
On the verso and last leaf are many xvth cent. scribbles and a few earlier
On the Kings of England
On the same, in verse: Dux Normannorum Willelmus vi validorum (to Edward III)
Willelmus rufus. versus
Visibus humanis aulas ornatas inanis
fecit fundare propter sua festa parare
aulam maiorem construxit Londoniarum
orbis terrarum non optinet utiliorem
Iudicibus legis ac ad conuiuia regis
regnum regnorum flos est domus illa domorum
(Referring to Westminster Hall)
Further notes on English Kings
Drawings of two bearded men: one labelled Tome T.. ywalle
A badly written name Arthur Harvy(?)
1  The original hand already had Duricia pictorum