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The Corpus Martianus Capella(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Martianus Capella
Codicology:Vellum, 295 x 215 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (11.8 x 8.4 in.), ff. 86, double columns of 43, 50,46, 36, 54, 62, 53 lines. Cent. ix (according to Mr Bradshaw, the text and most of the glosses are of cent. ix, a few glosses of cent. x): in a variety of very beautiful and interesting hands.
Collation: 110 210 (1, 10, 2, 9 are made sheets) 38 410-710 || 88 98 10 (two).
Quires 1 and 2 as far as f. 16r col. 2 med., are in a fine flat-topped hand. In the lower part of col. 2 of 16r there is a change to a hand of “Hiberno-Saxon” aspect, not flat-topped. This continues on f. 16v.
On f. 17r, col. 1 is another hand of the same school, which appears nowhere else in the book: and col. 2 is in a larger and very rough hand of the same type.
On f. 17v a hand appears which might be that of f. 16v. This continues to the end of 18v.
ff. 19r-28v (including all quire 3) are in one good round hand, still not flat-topped. The vellum differs from what precedes and follows in being whiter and less stiff. But from the construction of the quires I have little doubt that all these hands are practically contemporary.
With quire 4 the first (flat-topped) hand resumes, but writes more closely (56-60 lines to a column).
Titles of sections have been added in small capitals.
The hand seems to become smaller and closer as we proceed, but continues to be very beautiful.
f. 63r (Lib. IX capp. vii-xvii) is wholly in a different hand, not flat-topped: rather pointed, but it cannot be later: the old hand resumes on f. 63v and continues up to f. 67r col. 2, l. 7. Then 20 lines are written in a more pointed hand, and then follows the colophon in red in the old hand, followed by a couplet in a hand of the same school.
f. 67v, with geometrical figures, is wholly in another hand.
f. 68r-68v is gone.
f. 69r is the first leaf of a new volume and is blank. There has been a sketch on the verso.
ff. 70r-86v are in a fine small hand, round, but not flat-topped. Rubrics in red uncials, 53 lines to a column.
Provenance:A connexion of this book with St David's is, to my mind, rendered probable by the fact that Bishop Davies was interested in the antiquities of his diocese and that he corresponded with Parker about manuscripts. A comparison of this volume with MS 199, written by John, son of Sulgen, Bishop of St David's in cent. xi, confirms very strongly the conjecture of such an origin.
Research:The great interest and importance of this book is that it contains a number of glosses in old Welsh, discovered by Mr Bradshaw in 1871 (see Collected Papers 281 and 484):
“On going to the Library, and taking down, one after another, the books of which I had taken a note, it was not long before I came upon a copy of Martianus Capella, one of the most favourite writers of the early middle ages. Here, among the crowd of Latin glosses, it was easy to distinguish a few words, not of Irish, which I at first thought I might find, but of unmistakeable Old Welsh, written in a handwriting apparently as early as any remains of the Welsh language known to be in existence, and exhibiting forms familiar enough to students of Zeuss's Grammatica Celtica, but presenting an appearance to the eye very different from that of modern Welsh. A subsequent careful examination of the book has enabled me to extract about 140 glosses, or vernacular explanations of hard or singular words; and it is possible that a second reading of the manuscript, upon which I am now engaged, may yield a few more.”
“Martianus Capella. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS. 153.
A. Text, and most of the glosses ixth cent.
B. A few glosses xth cent.”
Among Mr Bradshaw's papers in the University Library is a copy of the glosses, prepared for publication in 1872.
The glosses were published by Dr Whitley Stokes in Archaeologia Cambrensis, Series 4, vol. IV p. i, and also in Kuhn and Schleicher's Beiträge zur Vergleich. Sprachforschung VII (Berlin 1873), p. 385.
See description and facsimiles in Professor W. M. Lindsay's Early Welsh Script p. 19, pl. ix-x.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Foliation: ff. a-b + 1-67 (68 missing) + 69-86 + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin with Old Welsh glosses.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Volume I
Martianus Capella, De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The title of the work, which was at top of col. 1, f. 1r in red, has almost totally disappeared
Text begins
Tu quem psallentem
The initial, in black, is of good bold design; others occur at the beginnings of subsequent books
Liber II
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) III
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) IV rubric
Liber IV(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) text
A diagram on f. 35r (which recurs on f. 79r) is inserted: the legend is written in a sloping minuscule of cent. x (?), not of Celtic type.
On f. 37r is a sketch (by an Anglo-Saxon hand) of a man brandishing a pastoral staff.
On f. 39v is an Anglo-Saxon sketch of a woman's head.
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) V
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) VI
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) VII
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) VIII
Liber(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) IX
secutae nugis nate ignosce lectitans
Explicit de musica liber nonus
Sic felix falsus finiuit falsa capella
Corpore qui meruit miseram nunc ducere uitam
geometrical figures with names beginning with Planus angulus and ending with Octedros
Volume II
Glossary on Martianus Capella, De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Gloss on Martianus Capella
Iste martianus genere kartaginensis fuit studens primo philosophie
It is a collection, for the most part, of glosses on single words
Bombinatorem sonatorem. Iugariorum a prouincia iugaria. Marcidam paruam
Explicit de Martiano
Incipit collectae glosae
Subigo polis semus sermo est significat enim rego ut ipse ratem conto subigit
Ibidem iterum et similiter ibidem ex eodem loco .i. indidem i. ipsum. Viritim per singulos uiros
The same glosses occur in MS 330