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161
Lives of Saints(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vitae Sanctorum
Codicology:Vellum, 300 x 203 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) (11.9 x 8.2 in.), ff. 152 + 1, double columns of 36, 37 lines. Cent. xii late, xiii early, in more than one hand.
Collation: 1 flyleaf, 18 (+1*) 28 38 (+1) 44 | 58-148 156 166 178-198 208 (wants 7, 8).
2 fo.: In nomine or ascensurus.
Provenance:On the flyleaf in red chalk is the name Twyne, which points to a Canterbury origin for the MS. John Twyne, mayor and schoolmaster of the city, got together a good many MSS., especially from St Augustine's. On the same leaf is the Parkerian note given in Nasmith.
Ad frontem Codicis est figura archiepiscopi vestibus pontificiis et pallio induti. “Quamvis haec legenda sanctorum, ut vocant, a multis contemnantur, tamen quia in iis aliquid historiae continetur, non sunt negligenda, unde possis vel verum videre vel antiquorum superstitionem notare.” (Content authored by Nasmith)
On some of the earlier leaves (e.g. 20r, 21r, etc.) there is a very distinct occurrence of the Christ Church hand; but this does not appear after quire iv as I think.
The insertion of four Cluniac lives in an otherwise English (perhaps London) collection, such as is the second part of this volume, suggests that a Cluniac house in England may have supplied this second portion. Bermondsey Abbey seems not improbable as the source. That the book took its present shape at Canterbury I can hardly doubt.
Decoration: On f. 1r is a full-page picture of a sainted Archbishop, probably St Dunstan. There is a frame with patterned sides, white on blue and white on green alternately, and squares of red pattern at the angles. Ground in various zones: centre vermilion, next crimson, outside purple. The saint is bearded, full-face, holding curved crosier and blessing. He wears bluish mitre, blue chasuble with green collar, pall with six crosses, crimson sleeved tunicle with vermilion border spotted with white, and alb.
On f. 1v “Indicium eorum que in hoc uolumine continentur” ending: “Hec omnia in hoc continentur uolumine” . In set hand and double columns, rubricated.
Research:It seems possible that we may here have the volume in Bale's list of his MSS. (Scriptores II 161) called “Vita Marcialis apostoli cum aliis multis.”
Foliation: ff. a-b + i + 1-152 + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
2r-23r
Life and Miracles of St Martialis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita et miracula gloriosi episcopi Martialis, qui fuit unus de antiquis Christi discipulis (Content authored by Nasmith)
2r
Rubric:
In nomine domini nostri Ihesu Christi incipit liber de vita et miraculis gloriosi Episcopi Marcialis qui fuit unus de antiquis christi discipulis
2r
Rubric:
Capitulum primum. qualiter sanctus puer marcialis a parentibus suis domino presentatur
2r
Incipit:
Predicante domino nostro Ihesu Christo apud iudeam in tribu beniamin
20v
Explicit:
mereamur participes ascisci sanctorum collegio in regnum domini nostri Ihesu Christi cui est gloria in secula seculorum. Amen
20v
Rubric:
Explicit uita Sancti marcialis apostoli
See a text edited by W. de Gray Birch in Journal of the Archaeological Association 1872, pp. 353-899, also separately, 1877, Life of St Martial
20v
Rubric:
Incipit prologus in miracula ad eius mellifluam memoriam declarata
20v
Incipit:
Quicunque sanctorum beatissimas actiones
(BHL. 5551, prologue only)
20v
Explicit:
peritissimum deducat stilum
20v
Rubric:
Incipiunt miracula Sancti marcialis apostoli
2v
Rubric:
De genuinis sanctorum sepulchris etc.
20v
Incipit:
Igitur Sanctus marcialis apostolus a romano missus episcopo
23r
Explicit:
pax omnibus restituta fuit auxiliante deo et saluatore nostro Ihesu Christo qui uiuit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum. Amen
These miracles begin nearly as BHL. 5559 = Gregorius Turonensis Glor. conf. 27
Life = BHL 5552, Prologue to miracles = BHL 5551, Miracles = Gregory of Tours, Liber in gloria confessorum, 27, 28, plus more unidentified(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
2.
23r-25r
Miracles of St Nicholas (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Miraculum Sancti Nicholai episcopi (Content authored by Nasmith)
23r
Rubric:
Incipit prephacio in subsequens miraculum Sancti Nicholai episcopi
23r
Incipit:
Sicut a prisca grecorum ueritate
23r
Explicit:
et utinam ad hoc non impar
23r
Rubric:
De clerico qui ob cuiusdam mulieris amorem prosam historiam Sancti Nicholai dulcissime composuit quem postea sanctus dei pontifex ab inepta uoluntate chohibuit
(BHL. 6210)
23r
Incipit:
Generosus et gratiosa forma spectabilis quidam iuuenis ... scolam regebat in urbe barensi ...
25r
Explicit:
latro et samaritanus
3.
25r-26r
Sermon in praise of St Dunstan (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sermo de maxima laude Sancti Dunstani archiepiscopi et confessoris (Content authored by Nasmith)
25r
Rubric:
Sermo de maxima laude Sancti Dunstani Archiepiscopi
25r
Incipit:
Beatissimus dei presul
Printed in Stubbs, Memorials of St Dunstan, 454
4.
26r-30v
Faricius of Malmesbury OSB, Vita Sancti Aldhelmi (abridged) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Sancti Aldelmi episcopi et confessoris (Content authored by Nasmith)
26r
Rubric:
Incipit uita Sancti Aldelmi episcopi et confessoris octauo kalendas Iunii
26v
Rubric:
De regia beati aldelmi prosapia etc.
26v
Incipit:
Beatus Aldelmus regia stirpe descendens
The hand of f. 30r is much closer: 43 lines in a column
30v
Explicit:
per eum ibidem prestantur beneficia ad illius laudem cui est honor etc.
30v
Rubric:
Explicit uita Sancti Aldelmi episcopi et confessoris
An abridgment of the life by Faricius. Hardy I 389, 394
An abbreviated version of BHL 256, ending with chapter 3(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
5.
31r-45v
Life and Miracles of St Erkenwald (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita et miracula Sancti Erkenwaldi Londoniensis episcopi (Content authored by Nasmith)
At f. 31r (quire v) is a distinct change in the aspect of the vellum and script
Perhaps quires i-iv were added at Canterbury, rather later than the rest of the book: the numbering of the quires is old
31r
Rubric:
Incipiunt capitula (vii) in vitam Sancti Erkenwaldi lundoniensis episcopi
Text
31r
Incipit:
Post passionem ac resurrectionem dominicam cum catholica fides
33r
Explicit:
recto corde petentibus exhibetur prestante domino nostro Ihesu Christo qui cum etc.
33r
Rubric:
Explicit vita Sancti Erkenwaldi
33r
Rubric:
Incipit proemium miraculorum Sancti Erkenwaldi episcopi
33r
Incipit:
Eloquentie uirtus quam sit
34r
Explicit:
spem habeamus
34r
Rubric:
Explicit proemium
34r
Rubric:
Incipit miracula Sancti Erkenwaldi lundoniensis episcopi
34r
Incipit:
Fuit itaque in doctoris gentium familia
The Life in Dugdale's History of St Paul's, ed. 1818, p. 289. The Miracles by a nephew of Gilbert Bishop of London. See Hardy I 293, 4
Life, ff. 31r-33r, is BHL 2600. Miracles BHL 2601(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
6.
45v-54v
Life and Miracles of St Swithun (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita et miracula Sancti Swithuni episcopi (Content authored by Nasmith)
45v
Capitula vii
Vita
45v
Incipit:
Glorioso rege anglorum egberto
Miracula
47v
Incipit:
Temporibus religiosissimi ... eadgari
Ends
54v
Rubric:
De contracto erecto
54v
Explicit:
fecit succedere laudem
Attributed to Goscelin. See Earle, On St Swithin 1861, p. 67, Analecta Bollandia VII 374
The Miracles are abridged in this copy. Hardy I 513, 14: Acta Sanctorum Julii I 328 (292). P. L. CLV 61
Life BHL 7943; miracles not in BHL(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
7.
54v-60r
Life and Translation of St Neot (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Sancti Neoti abbatis (Content authored by Nasmith)
Praefatio
54v
Incipit:
Beati Neoti confessoris uitam
54v
Explicit:
suffragatorem habere
Vita
54v
Incipit:
Sanctus igitur neotus fecunde britannie
60r
Explicit:
tempore prorsus nescio mete. Amen
Abridged from the Life in MS. Bodley 535. See Hardy I 544, 548
Whitaker, Life of S. Neot (1809), 339
BHL 6054, 6055 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
8.
60r-61v
Life of John of Beverley (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Sancti Iohannis archiepiscopi Eboracensis (Content authored by Nasmith)
60r
Capitula xix
Vita
60r
Incipit:
Beatissimus Iohannes archiepiscopus intra confinia anglorum editus
61v
Explicit:
cui condita cuncta famulantur
Also in Tiberius D. III. Hardy I 428
Printed in Raine, Historians of the Church of York (Rolls) I 519
BHL 4346 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
9.
61v-63v
Folcard OSB, Vita Sancti Botulphi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Sancti Botulphi abbatis (Content authored by Nasmith)
61v
Capitula viii
Vita
61v
Incipit:
Omnipotentis dei benignitas compaciens
63v
Explicit:
gloriosa fiunt miracula. ad laudem et gloriam omnipotentis dei qui uiuit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum. Amen
By Folcard. Mabillon Acta Sanctorum O. S. B. III 1. Hardy I 373. Acta Sanctorum Junii III 402 (IV 327)
BHL 1428 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
10.
63v-68r
Miracles of St Ithamar (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Miracula Sancti Ithamari episcopi (Content authored by Nasmith)
63v
Capitula xvii
Prologue
64r
Incipit:
Pauca de miraculis beati ythamari
64v
Explicit:
mendacii admiscens
Text
64v
Incipit:
Tempore igitur uenerabili et deo dilecti patris nostri gundulfi
68r
Explicit:
fideli deuotione expetunt. prestante domino nostro Ihesu Christo qui etc.
Apparently this is the only copy. It seems to have been composed about 1140-50. Hardy I 252
BHL 4501 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
11.
68r-75v
Rhygyfarch ap Sulien, Vita Sancti Davidis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Sancti David Gualensis archiepiscopi (Content authored by Nasmith)
68r
Capitula xxviii
Vita
68v
Incipit:
Dominus noster quamuis omnes suos ante mundi
75v
Explicit:
michi autem qui ricemarchus nominor ... iuuamen apud Christum qui est benedictus super omnia deus in secula. Amen
It does not exactly agree with the best copy of the Life by Ricemarch (Vespasian A. xiv). See Hardy I 118, 123. Rees, Lives of Cambro-British Saints 117
BHL 2107 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
12.
75v-93r
John of Cluny OSB, Vita Sancti Odonis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Sancti Odonis abbatis [Cluniacensis] per fratrem Ioannem (Content authored by Nasmith)
75v
Rubric:
Proemium
75v
Incipit:
Dominis et in christo fratribus ... Iohannes
76r
Explicit:
ad consummationem seculi uobiscum sum
76r
Capitula, liber I xxxvi; liber II xxxvii
Vita
77r
Incipit:
Odo uir beatissimus
93r
Explicit:
candore beate immortalitatis per eundem Christum dominum nostrum qui etc.
See Mabillon Acta 18 Novembris. P. L. CXXXIII 43
BHL 6292-5 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
13.
93r-96v
Odilo of Cluny OSB, Vita Sancti Maioli (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Majoli abbatis Cluniacensis per Odilonem (Content authored by Nasmith)
93r
Capitula xii
Prologue
93r
Incipit:
Hugoni et karissimo fratri Aimanno
93v
Explicit:
et uere catholico
(Acta Sanctorum Maii II 684. P. L. CXLII 943)
Vita
93v
Incipit:
Quia deus omnipotens nullum tempus
96v
Explicit:
sospes et letus. prestante domino nostro Ihesu Christo qui etc.
BHL 5182 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
14.
96v-103r
Peter Damian OSB, Vita Sancti Odilonis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Odilonis abbatis Cluniacensis per Petrum Damianum (Content authored by Nasmith)
96v
Capitula xxxvii
Prefatio
96v
Incipit:
Petrus damianus sanctis ecclesiis
97r
Explicit:
nos exhibeat alienos
Vita
97r
Incipit:
Beatus igitur odilo aruernie oriundus
103r
Explicit:
perstrinximus. ad honorem et gloriam redemptoris nostri Ihesu Christi qui etc.
Acta Sanctorum I Januarii. P. L. CXLIV 925
BHL 6282 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
15.
103r-108v
Hugh of Cluny OSB, Vita Sancti Hugonis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita Hugonis abbatis Cluniacensis per Hugonem (Content authored by Nasmith)
103r
Capitula xxxvi
Prefatiuncula
103v
Incipit:
Patrum cluniacensium conuentui
103v
Explicit:
multa pretereo
Vita
103v
Incipit:
Hugo iste quem debitus sermo
108v
Explicit:
anno uerbi incarnati millesimo centesimo nono
Acta Sanctorum 29 Aprilis. P. L. CLIX 920
BHL 4012 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
16.
108v-138v
Aelred of Rievaulx OCist, Vita Sancti Edwardi regis et confessoris (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita beati confessoris Christi Edwardi gloriosi regis Anglorum dictata a domino ilredo abbate Rievallensi (Content authored by Nasmith)
108v
Rubric:
Incipit(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) epistola domini ilredi abbatis Rieuallensis ad regem anglorum Henricum secundum de vita Sancti Regis Eadwardi
108v
Incipit:
Plurimum ueterum studio fuisse
109r
Explicit:
optineas felicitatem
109r
Rubric:
Item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) epistola eiusdem Abbatis ad Abbatem Westmonasterii Laurentium
109v
Incipit:
Dilecto et diligendo et intimis uisceribus
109v
Explicit:
opitulatione donetur
109v
Capitula xliv
Text
110r
Incipit:
Gloriosi ac deo dilecti Regis Eadwardi vitam
131r
Explicit:
beata resurrectione donandus per Ihesum Christum dominum nostrum cui etc.
Miracula
131r
Incipit:
Rebus humanis exemptus quam potens fuerat
Last: de monacho a triplici clade redintegrato
ends
138v
Explicit:
tanti meriti patronum omnium corda commouit
138v
Rubric:
Expliciunt miracula Sancti Eadwardi regis et confessoris
Twysden I 369. P. L. CXCV 737
BHL 2423 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
17.
138v-152v
Osbert of Clare OSB, Vita Sancti Edwardi confessoris (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Vita et miracula Sancti Edwardi regis et confessoris abbreviata ex tractatu Beati Osberni Westmonasterii prioris (Content authored by Nasmith)
138v
Rubric:
Incipit excerptum epistole domini Osberni prioris Westmonasterii ad albericum legatum in uitam Sancti Eadwardi regis
138v
Incipit:
Innocentii summi pontificis sancteque romane et apostolici sedis legato uenerabili Alberico ... frater Osbertus
138v
Explicit:
nouum regis opus sacrandum dirigitur
138v
Rubric:
Explicit excerptum Epistole
138v
Rubric:
Incipit prologus excerptus eiusdem auctoris
138v
Incipit:
Insignia uirorum fortium gesta
139r
Explicit:
ut a ueritatis dulcedine non discordet
139r
Rubric:
Explicit prologus de uita sanctissimi Eadvvardi anglorum regis et confessoris
139r
Capitula xxx
139v
Rubric:
I(ncipiunt uita et miracula) beati Eadwardi regis et confessoris ex tractatu domini Osberni prioris Westmonasterii
139v
Incipit:
Pretiosus athleta domini et rex
152v
Explicit:
hinc superno regi laus et gloria cuius maiestas et imperium extat in secula seculorum. Amen
152v
Rubric:
Explicit Vita et miracula Sancti Eadwardi regis et confessoris abbreuiata ex tractatu domini Osberni Westmonasterii prioris
The capitula to this Life by Osbern are printed in Luard's Lives of Edward the Confessor (Rolls), p. xxv from this copy. The full text of the Life, of which this is an abridgment, is in British Museum Additional 36737. The MSS. have been recently examined by the Dean of Westminster (Dr J. A. Robinson)
BHL 2422 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)