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175
Walter of Coventry (attrib.), Memoriale(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Memoriale Walteri de Coventria
Codicology:Vellum, 288 x 192 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) (11.4 x 7.4 in.), ff. 169, double columns of 41 and 45 lines. Cent. xiii late in a good hand approaching the charter hand.
Collation: 18 212-1412 15 (five).
2 fo.: post rumo..
Research:The edition by Stubbs in the Rolls Series contains practically the whole of the text of this volume. In the Introduction to vol. I he gives the history of the manuscript. It was discovered by Leland between 1538 and 1544, seen by Bale in Leland's possession (Index Scriptorum, ed. Poole and Bateson) and acquired by Parker “before 1572, in which year the Antiquitates were printed” (see MS 110. 7).
Foliation: ff. i-vi + 1-166 + vii-ix(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin and Anglo-Norman.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
vir-vir
Tituli cardinalium cum brevi descriptione eorum officii (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Tituli cardinalium cum brevi descriptione eorum officii (Content authored by Nasmith)
f. vr-vv is blank
In a hand of xiii-xiv
vir
Incipit:
Quia primo summo pontifici i. Christo in triumphali ecclesia tres Ierarchie Angelorum obsequntur
List of Cardinals, ending
vir
Explicit:
Sancte Agathe
Sancte Lucie in capite suburre
S. Kirici
Et sic sunt li cardinales
(not in Stubbs)
viv
(2v)
An extract from Bale (p. 264) on Walter of Coventry
2.
1r-1r
Historia Britonum per compendium (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Historia Britonum per compendium (Content authored by Nasmith)
Huic historiae prefixae sunt Anglice emensuratio et recensio septem regnorum Heptarchiae, illa Gallice, haec Latine. Ipsa historia incipit “Britannia insularum optima inter Galliam,” et ex Galfredo Monumetensi satis inscite et jejuniter compilata videtur: mores enim sui seculi ad pristinum hoc tempus transtulit autor imperitus, et loquitur de parliamento, baronibus, comitibus, et homagio feudali apud Britonas(Content authored by Nasmith)
The main hand of the book begins here
1r
(3r)
Rubric:
Anglia
1r
(3r)
Incipit:
La lungure de engleterre cuntent viiic lues ceo est a sauer' de escosce deskes a toteneys en cornwalle. E. en leur ccc lues ceo est a sauer de meneueye la uyle seynt dauid deskes a doure etc.
Length of Ireland
Kingdoms of the Heptarchy in Latin
(Stubbs, Appendix to Preface vol. I).
3.
1r-4v
Nomina regum Angliae et chronica Saxonum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina regum Angliae et chronica Saxonum (Content authored by Nasmith)
In hoc chronico deducitur historia Angliae usque ad Edwardum I. sed ita raptim ut binis saltem constet foliis. Incipit, “Adelstanus fuit primus rex de Saxonibus in Anglia qui regnavit post Chadwalladum ultimum regem Britonum; ipse vero Eymundernesse quam a paganis emerat in perpetuam elemosinam ecclesiae Sancti Petri Eboraci dedit.” (Content authored by Nasmith)
1r
(3r)
Rubric:
Incipit historia britonum per compendium
1r
(3r)
Incipit:
Britannia insularum optima inter galliae (sic)
Ends in 1291 with verses on Edward I
4v
(6v)
Explicit:
Eduuardus quartus modo regnat filius huius etc.
(Stubbs I 3-19)
Col. 1 on f. 5r is blank
4.
5r-5r
Privilegium ecclesiae Sancti Petri Eboraci (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Privilege of York
Privilegium ecclesiae Sancti Petri Eboraci sive epistola Gregorii papae ad Augustinum de ordinatione episcopi Eboracensis qui habeat pallium et jus metropolitanum (Content authored by Nasmith)
5r
Incipit:
Reuerentissimi et sanctissimi Patri ffratri Augustino
(Bede Historia Ecclesiastica I 29)
5r
Explicit:
custodiat reuerentissime frater
(Stubbs I 19)
5.
5r-6r
Chronica regum Northumbriae et archiepiscoporum Eboracensium (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Chronica regum Northumbriae et archiepiscoporum Eboracensium (Content authored by Nasmith)
Continet historiam ecclesiasticam istius provinciae a Paulino ad Thurstanum compendiose in uno folio scriptam(Content authored by Nasmith)
5r
Incipit:
Beatus siquidem Gregorius papa ubi gentem anglorum
6r
Explicit:
monachus factus obdormiuit in domino sub rege stephano
The greater part of a column blank (Stubbs I 20)
6.
6r-6v
Quaedam de conquestu Hiberniae et jure regis Angliae in Scotos (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Quaedam de conquestu Hyberniae et jure regis Angliae in Scotos (Content authored by Nasmith)
6r
Incipit:
Nota quod ybernia habet octingenta miliaria in longitudine alienoram uxorem leuwelini ultimi ex alienora sorore henrici quarti patris Eaduuardi illustris regis anglie
(Stubbs I 24)
Blank, part of column 6v
On English rights in Scotland
6v
Incipit:
(Sciendum ? Item ?) quia in carta Regis Edgari scocie Dunelmensi continetur quod idem rex cognoscit se possidere etc.
Papa Honorius 3us
Gregorius papa scribit regi Scocie
Clemens papa scribens regi anglie
(Stubbs I 24)
7.
6v-6v
Prophetiae Sybillae et Merlini (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Prophetiae Sybillae et Merlini (Content authored by Nasmith)
Precedentia haec chronica non Gualtero Coventrensi (si ipse demum subsequentium autor sit habendus) sed potius anonymo cuidam monacho fani S. Petri apud Eboracenses adscribenda videntur, uti satis liquet ex donatione cujus fit mentio in initio chronici Anglo-Saxonum, chartaque et historiis quae illud excipiunt. Nec vero absimile videtur hosce quaterniones codici fuisse postea insertos, nam etsi caractere reliquis simili exarentur, magna tamen cernitur literarum initialium varietas, quae in illis simplici forma sine ornamento rubro atramento delineantur, in reliquo autem codice multo sunt ornatiores et diversis coloribus pictae(Content authored by Nasmith)
6v
Rubric:
Prophecia sibille et merlini uatis de Albania et Anglis et eorum euentibus
6v
Incipit:
Regnum scocorum fuit inter cetera regna
6v
Explicit:
Historie ueteris Gildas luculentus arator
Hec retulit paruo carmine plura notans
(Stubbs I 25)
6v
Rubric:
Sibilla De euentibus regnorum et eorum regum ante finem mundi
6v
Incipit:
Gallorum leuitas germanos iustificabit
The last seven lines in a different hand, ending
6v
Explicit:
Papa cito moritur Cesar regnabit ubique
Sub quo tunc vana cessabit gloria cleri
(Stubbs I 26)
8.
7r-166r
Walter of Coventry (attrib.), Memoriale(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Annales Angliae per Walterum Coventrensem (Content authored by Nasmith)
Titulus hic neotericus ex inscriptione ad imum hujus paginae desumptus videtur, quae ita se habet “Memoriale fratris Walteri de Coventr” et quae “manu diversa et recentiori scripta” ut placuit Cl. Tannero “innuit hoc potius donum fuisse Gualteri quam scriptum.” De hac controversia aliorum sit judicium, inscriptio ipsa reliquo codici haud multo recentior mihi videtur; et opus hoc Waltero olim fuisse adscriptum probat titulus deformi manu (seculo xv, si conjecturis uti liceat) in folio rejectitio ad finem codicis exaratus.
In annalibus ad finem anni 1154 “Explicit chronica Mariani,” et similiter ad finem anni 1201 “Expliciunt chronica Rogeri Hovedene.” Incipiunt “Romanorum nonagesimus tertius” et continent historiam Angliae ab anno 1025/1003 ad annum 1225(Content authored by Nasmith)
The Annals begin. At the bottom of f. 7r in a very large black hand (xiv early) is: Memoriale fratris Walteri de Couentr.
From the position and script of this I should be inclined to call it a Library mark. See further below
Text
7r
Incipit:
Romanorum nonogesimus IIIus Henricus regnauit annis xxii
(Stubbs I 27)
Text ends
166r
Explicit:
literis domini pape acceptis repatriauit
166v
Verso blank
viir
On last leaf some references to the text (xvi)
viiv
On verso scribbles
1 (xv-xvi). ? Mongy
2 (xiv). Cronica Walteri de Conuentren. Anno dni mo co lxxo vjo Rex filius matildis imperatricis fecit fund(itus) destrui Castellum Leycester et menia urbis et Castellum de groby similiter
This seems, to show an interest in Leicester on the part of the scribbler
Stubbs discusses the authorship at length and on pp. xx, xxi comes to the conclusion that Walter of Coventry is probably to be regarded as the author
On p. xxii he says that “what little there is of local indication in the book, and it is very little, points to York rather than Coventry” (as the home of the writer), “possibly the city, but almost certainly to the diocese of York.”
On p. xxv: “Nasmith's inference that the writer was a monk of S. Peter's York, is of course erroneous: there were no monks at S. Peter's; but if he were a monk at all, there was no lack of monasteries in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire. The great abbey of S. Mary's, York, was governed at the very time at which the MS. was written, by Simon of Warwick, who was Abbot from 1258 to 1296: and amongst the names of the monks then under vows there are those of William of Derby prior of S. Bees and afterwards of S. Mary's, and Walter of Leicester a great scholar and most excellent preacher (MS. Bodley 39). If the statement of Pits had any value that Walter was a native of Warwick, we might safely set him down as a follower of Abbot Simon: but anyhow the collocation of names is suggestive”
Tanner thought that the inscription “Memoriale fratris W. de C.” meant that the book was “potius donum Gualteri quam scriptum.” Stubbs disagrees with him (p. xx) and cites the Memoriale presbyterorum and the Memoriale of Prior Henry of Eastry and of Henry Spenser Bishop of Norwich as instances of the use of the word to mean a collection of facts which the writer desires to be remembered
He does not cite instances which (coupled with the large script, and position of the words) incline me to believe that Tanner is in the right, and that the inscription means that Walter of Coventry presented the book to the library of his monastery and was not the author of it. Instances of such inscriptions are:
University Library Ee. 5. 11. Astronomical Tables etc. Memoriale J. Wilton.
University Library(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Ff. 4. 31. Hieronymus in Matthaeum. Memoriale fr. Walteri Hunt doctoris conuentus Carmelitarum oxonie.
University Library(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Gg. 2. 18. Legenda Aurea. Memoriale fr. Joh. de Drayton monachi cuius anime propicietur deus.
Lambeth MS. 160. Polychronica. Memoriale fr. Willelmi broscumbe magistri. K. ij.
Lambeth MS. 215. Athanasius de trinitate. Memoriale de Lanthonia.
The third of these examples, oddly enough, Tanner was inclined to interpret as an ascription of authorship. He had not seen that the work was the well-known Golden Legend of Jacobus de Voragine. The list might readily be enlarged, but I have thought the examples cited sufficient to show that the formula is an accustomed one for expressing a donation on the part of the person named