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23
Anglo-Saxon Illustrated Prudentius. Orosius(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Prudentius. Orosius
Codicology:Vellum, 365 x 290 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (14.4 x 11.4 in.), ff. 2 + 104 + 55.
Multivolume:
Volume I: 30 lines to a full page, ff. 104 + 2, cent. xi (x-xi Bradshaw).
Volume II: double columns of 47 lines, ff. 55, cent. xii.
Collation:
Volume I: a2 18-138.
Volume II: a8-c8 (8 canc.) d8-g8 (1 and 8 bound after 7)
2 fo.: accipiat.
Additions:f. ir-iv is blank but for a note:
“Idem etiam manu exaratus reperitur in bibliotheca Cottoniana [Cleopatra C. VIII is meant] B. B. ... (name obliterated).”
On f. iir in a frame, in red and black capitals:
Gennadii Presbyteri.
Testimonium de historia inlustrium uirorum clviii.
Prudentius vir secularis
- agnoscitur palatinus miles fuisse.”
A good many corrections have been inserted in small red capitals. In lower margin a xvith cent. copy of Gennadius' note.
Provenance:On f. iiv in square black capitals:
“Hunc quicumque librum Aedhelmo depresseris almo1
Damnatus semper maneas cum sorte malorum
Sit pietate dei sine qui vel portet ab isto
Coenobio librum Aedhelmi2 hunc vel vendere temptet
Qui legis inscriptos versus rogitare memento
Christum ac in requie semper die vivat Aðelƿerd
Qui dedit hunc thomum Aedhelmo3 pro quo sibi Christus
Munera larga ferat largitor crimina laxans.”
This fixes the provenance to Malmesbury Abbey with which Aldhelm was specially connected. There were two abbots Athelwerd, one about 982, the other 1040-1050. The latter is probably the giver of the book.
Additions:On f. 1r, a piece of vellum is pasted: on it is a distich (xii):
“Tres tria dant celo lapis ignis et unda fuerunt.
S. lapis undaque C. beat L. focus, his duce christo.”
(S = Stephanus, L = Laurentius, C = Clement.) Also a xvith cent. copy of the four last lines of the dedicatory inscription. Also an erased inscription which I cannot decipher, and a pencil sketch of half-length figure in helmet and cloak.
Additions:Initials of lines are in red throughout. The Psychomachia is illustrated with a famous series of 89 drawings made by an English artist after originals which go back to the fifth century. Illustrated copies of the Psychomachia are numerous. An exhaustive study of them has been made by Richard Stettiner Die illustrierten Prudentiushandschriften, Berlin, Preuss 1895. The manuscript before us is described at pp. 17-22 and the illustrations in the third part of the work pp. 218-400.
Additions:The pictures have descriptive titles in red capitals, and the first 47 of them have titles in Anglo-Saxon added at the end of cent. xi. Professor Zupitza has published these and one or two other fragmentary A.-S. inscriptions (on ff. 24v, 29r, 33v) in Zeitsch. f. Deutsch. Altert. 1876, pp. 36-45.
Research:Reproductions in Westwood, Miniatures and Ornaments 108, Camb. Ant. Soc. Comm., vol. VII, Strutt, Horda Angel-cynnan etc.
Additions:There are marginal and interlinear glosses to the Psychomachia and, in less number, to the other poems. Some of these are later than the text (but still of cent. xi) but most are contemporary.
Foliation: ff. a-b + i-ii + 1-159 + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
Volume I
1.
1v-40v
Prudentius, Psychomachia (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Psychomachia Prudentii (without title)
On f. 1v a frame meant to contain two drawings: only the lower one has been executed; in the upper space are marks of erasure
2r
Fine initial in black and red with dragon's heads and interlaced work
2r
First line in large green capitals and small red ones
2r
Incipit:
Senex fidelis prima credendi uia [est]
Ends
40v
Explicit:
Aeternum solio diues sapientia regnet
2.
41r-60r
Prudentius, Peristephanon, carmen 10 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
41r
Rubric:
Incipit Prudentii Clementis cucyM (or αα) de sco Romano martire is DE Roman2 contra gentiles
41r
Incipit:
Romane Christi fortis adsertor dei
41r
Title and first line in red capitals. The hand is different, rounder and better. It changes perhaps at f. 57r
Ends
60r
Explicit:
induatur uellere
60r
Rubric:
Finit Romanus Aurelii Prudentii clementis, viri consularis
60r-104r
Prudentius, Peristephanon, carmina 1-9, 11-14 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
60r
Rubric:
Incipit liber per iste fan on (Peristephanon): Hymnus in honore sanctorum martiru(m) Emetrii et cheledonii cala gurritanorum
60r
(red capitals)
60r
Incipit:
Scripta sunt celo duorum martirum uocabula
62r
Passio Laurentii
65r
The first hand resumes
71v
Passio Eulaliae
75v
Decem et octo martirum Cesaraugustanorum
78v
Passio Vincentii
88v
Hymnus(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Fructuosi
91r
Hymnus(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Quirini
92v
De loco in quo martires passi sunt nunc babtistserium est callagurri
93r
Passio Cassiani
95r
Passio(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Hippolyti
99r
Passio(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Petri et Pauli
100r
Passio(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Cypriani
102r
Passio Agnaetis
Ends
104r
Explicit:
Dignaris almo uel pede tangere
104r-104r
Constantia, Epigram for the basilica of St Agnes (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
104r
Rubric:
Ver(s)us Cons(t)antine Constantini filiae scripti in absida Basilicae quam condidit in honore sanctae Agnes
104r
Incipit:
Constantina deum uenerans
104r-104r
Damasus, Epigram for the basilica of St Agnes (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
104r
Rubric:
Versus Damasi episcopi de eadem re (Ihm. 84)
104r
Incipit:
Fama refert sanctos
4.
104v-104v
Prudentius, Contra Symmachum (incomplete) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
104v
Rubric:
Incipit liber primus contra simmachum
104v
Incipit:
Paulus praeco dei qui fera gentium
Ends imperfectly l. 29
104v
Explicit:
uulnere mordicus
Paper has been pasted over this page (now lifted)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Volume II
5.
105r-159v
Orosius, Historia aduersus paganos (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
105r
(1r)
Rubric:
Incipit Prefatio in Orosium
105r
Incipit:
Orosius presbiter Hispanus genere
105r
Explicit:
honorio imperium tenente
105r
Rubric:
Item Prefatiuncula in Orosium
105r
Incipit:
Orosius presbiter terraconensis
105r
Explicit:
stephani detulit ad occidentals plagas reliquias
105r
Rubric:
Incipit liber Sancti Orosii de Ormesta Mundi
105r
(red and green capitals)
105r
Incipit:
Preceptis tuis parui
105r
The initial P has a panelled stalk. The other initials are mostly in plain colours
The hand strongly resembles that of Christ Church, Canterbury
111v
(7v)
Liber II
117r
(13r)
Liber III
120v
(16v)
Liber IV
121r
(17r)
Hand changes to a smaller one
128r
(24r)
First hand resumes
130r
(26r)
Liber V
136r
(32r)
Another hand
137v
(33v)
Liber VI
144r
(40r)
First hand (?)
146r
(42r)
Liber VII
Ends
159v
(55v)
Explicit:
iudicata si deleas
159v
(55v)
Rubric:
Finit Orosii liber septimus
1  I suspect the scribe ought to have written Aldhelmo dempseris.
2  Altered I think from Aldhelmi.
3  Re-written on erasure.