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272
The Psalter of Count Achadeus(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Psalterium Achadei Comitis
Codicology:Vellum, 266 x 210 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) (10.5 x 8.3 in.), ff. 183 + 3, 20 lines to a page. Cent. ix late, in a Caroline minuscule, pale ink, fine ornaments.
Collation: 18 (wants 4, 5) 28-48 (wants 4) 58 68 (wants 3) 78 (wants 7) 88 98 (wants 8) 108 118 (wants 8) 128-148 (wants 4, 5) 158 168 (wants 4) 178-208 214 228 238 244 258 26 (one), 3 flyleaves.
Provenance:Of the persons mentioned in the Litany (ff. 151r-154r)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Marinus, consecrated Pope in December 882, died in May 884. Carloman, sole king in 882, died in 884. Fulco, Archbishop of Rheims, was consecrated on 10 March 883. This gives a date between March 883 and May 884 for the writing of the Litany.
Provenance:Of the Saints: Sixtus, Sinicius, Nivardus, are of Rheims. Also Sindulfus: Cilinia is mother of St Remigius. Theoderic is of Cambrai, Theodulf of Rheims. The occurrence of Remigius in gold capitals is a further indication of Rheims. It is not clear why Abundus is in gold unless it be to mark the end of the list of Confessors. The reason for the importance given to Columbanus is also to seek.
Provenance:That the book was in later times the property of Christ Church, Canterbury, the flyleaves at the end (ff. ir-iiv)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) seem to show: and also the large inserted frontispiece to the Psalter (f. 3v)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) appears to me to be in a style characteristic of Christ Church. It is like the work in the glossed Gospels (Trinity College B. 5. 5) only not so good.
Additions:An old note (xvi) on f. 1r: Hic codex scriptus temporibus Marini papae et carlomanni anno Domini 885 Mar. Scot. ut infra in Litania.
Foliation: ff. a-b + 1-2 + 2a + 3-183 + i-iii + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
1r-183v
The Psalter of Count Achadeus (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
1r
Title in red rustic capitals
1r
Rubric:
Incipit Prologus pro origo prophetiae Dauid regis psalmorum numerum cl
1r
Incipit:
Dauid filius iesse cum esset in regno suo
(P. L.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) XCIII 477)
1v
Explicit:
canticum graduum xv
1v
Rubric:
Incipit Praefatio Sancti Hieronimi presbiteri
1v
Incipit:
Psalterium romae dudum positus
(P. L.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) XXIX 117, etc.)
2v
Explicit:
de purissimo fonte potare
2v
Rubric:
Explicit praefatio Sancti Hieronimi presbiteri
2v
Rubric:
Incipit cantica Psalmorum
2v
Incipit:
Canticum psalmorum animas decorat
(P. L.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) CXXXI 142: P. L.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) CXLII 46)
2ar
Explicit:
in caelo deus mirificabit
f. 2av was originally blank, apparently. It was(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) covered by a leaf cut from a xiith cent. Psalter, once(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pasted on to it and now lifted(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
3v
This leaf has an elaborate full-page initial B and the letters EATUS VIA PECCATORUM in gold capitals on blue (and white) ground
3v
The letter B is filled with conventional foliage and convoluted stems, in the curves of which are many small white animals. The ground of this is gold. In the stem of the B is a medallion with gold ground containing a crowned bust of David. Outside the letter the ground is blue
3v
The frame is of gold and red (dotted with white): at the angles are four medallions and in the middle of the sides four half-medallions, all with gold ground. Those at the angles have: top L., bust of white-bearded man: lower L., bust of beardless man; upper and lower R., busts of kings. Those in the sides have: upper and lower C., busts of angels: L. side small man in red and blue: R., small man in red with shield
3v
The work is bold and rich but not very delicate
4r
Text begins imperfectly in Ps. ii. 2
4r
Incipit:
Asstiterunt reges terrae
There is a marginal gloss in a very beautiful small hand. The references to the text are made (on ff. 4r, 5r) by Greek letters. It begins
4r
Incipit:
Reges autem terre herodem dicit qui infantes occidit. alterumque herodem nepotem eius qui pilato in nece christi consensit
At the end of each Psalm is a Collect, that for Ps. ii is
4v
Incipit:
Disrumpe domine nostrorum uincula peccatorum
The initials of Psalms and verses are usually in fluid gold throughout the book. On f. 7r are two initials filled with blue. On f. 1r the initial is handsome, in fluid gold edged with red, blue ground: the letter surrounded by gold foliage. On ff. 1v, 2v late pen-flourishing has been added to the initials
After f. 25v a leaf is gone with end of Ps. xxv and beginning of xxvi. The latter had a large initial occupying most of the page: the set-off is visible on f. 26r
After f. 39v a leaf is gone with the beginning of Ps. xxxviii. The set-off of the full-page initial is well seen on f. 39v
On f. 51r are two small decorative initials. After f. 51v a leaf is gone with most of Ps. li: little of the set-off can be seen. The first words of Ps. lii are in gold capitals
After f. 65v a leaf is gone with the beginning of Ps. lxviii. The set-off of the initial is very visible on f. 65v
After f. 81v a leaf is gone with part of Ps. lxxx. The set-off of the initial is very visible on f. 82r
On f. 98r is the only large initial which has survived; to Ps. xcvii. It is of gold edged with red, with panels of patterned blue, filled with green and with gold interlacings: outside is gold foliage in two colours of gold
After f. 100v two leaves gone with part of Ps. ci. Set-off of initial on f. 101r
After f. 114v a leaf gone with Ps. cix and part of cx
On 143r two small decorative initials
Ps. cl ends on f. 150r. The Collect is
150r
Incipit:
Armoniae nostrae suauissime melos
Gloss ends
150r
Explicit:
in spiritu qui spiritus est laudare non desinit
150r
In gold capitals at the foot of the page is
150r
Achadeus misericordia dei
comes. hunc psalterium
scribere iussit
f. 150v blank
151r
Then follows the Litany on four leaves in a smaller script than before but very probably by the same scribe. The text is arranged in double columns and in arched or pedimented frames like those in which, in early gospel books, the Canons of the Gospels are written. In this MS. the shafts are purple or green, marbled, and have plants twined spirally about them. The plinth on which they stand is yellow with red patterns, and the lintel above in one case of purple and elsewhere of yellow and red. The tympana above this are filled with conventional foliage in gold and colour, and above the arches or gables are birds pecking at leaves
The text is
151r
Rubric:
Incipit letania
151r
Kyrieleison. Ter, Xpe eleison. ter, Kyrieleison. ter. Xpe audi nos. ter. Sancta Maria. or
151r
(so far in gold capitals)
151r
Michahel, Gabrihel, Raphahel. S. chorus archangelorum (red)
151r
Petre, Paule, Andrea, Iacobe, Iohannes, Philippe, Iacobe, Toma, Bartholomee, Mathee, Simon, Tadee, Mathia. S. chorus apost. (red)
151r
Stephane, Iohannes, Marce, Luca, Line, Clete, Clemens, Cleopha
151v
Barnaba, Ignatii, Apollonaris, Chrisogone, Alaexander, Dionisi, Rustice, Eleutheri, Maurici, Corneli, Cypriane, Georgi, Cristophore, Iuliane, Leudegari, Sixte, Laurenti, Ypolite, Uincenti, Uictor, Candide, Quintine, Luciane, Crispine, Crispiniane, Cosma, Damiane, Uictorice, Tiburti, Ualeriane, Pancrati, Geruasi
152r
Protasi, Celse, Sebastiane, Marce, Marcelliane, Fabiane, Urbane, Simphoriane, Saturnine, Nicasi, Timothee, Apollonaris, Rufine, Firmine, Ualeri
152r
SCE REMIGI (gold capitals). Hilari, Benedicte, Germane, Romane, Siluester, Ambrosi, Gregorii, Hieronime, Augustine, Eusebi, Isidore, Martine, Leo, Sulpici, Aniane, Amande
152v
SCE COLUMBANE (gold capitals, red dots) Brici, Goar, Medarde, Maximine, Candide, Antoni, Machari, Teuderice, Teudulfe, Memmi, Lupe, Arnulfe, Nivarde, Sixte, Sinici, Basole, Uedaste, Onesime, Sindulfe, Filiberte, Audoine, Siluine, Carlepphe, Richari, Pacomi, Fortunate, Troiane, Marcelline, Arseni, Celsine. Sce abunde (gold letters)
153r
Felicitas, Perpetua, Sincletica, Agatha, Lucia, Agnes, Cecilia, Anastasia, Genufefa, Scolastica, Eulalia, Eugenia, Eufemia, Petronilla, Cristina, Columba, Iuliana, Afra, Lucina, Beatrix, Tecla, Teodosia, Susanna, Sabina, Magra, Prisca, Saturnina, Cilinia, Eutropia, Eufrosina, Praxedis, Margarita
153v
Potentiana, Balbina, Radegundis, Monegundis. S. chorus uirginum
153v
Omnes sancti orate pro nobis
153v
Propitius esto, etc...
153v
Ut pacem uobis dones...
154r
Ut Marinum apostolicum in sancta religione conseruare digneris
154r
Ut Karlomannum regem perpetua prosperitate conseruare digneris
154r
Ut (blank) reginam conseruare digneris
154r
Ut Folconem episcopum cum omni grege sibi commisso, etc.
No specially monastic suffrages occur
Ends
154r
Explicit:
XPE AUDI NOS. TER. KYRIELEISON. XPELEISON. KYRIELEISON
154r
All in gold capitals
f. 154v blank
In a script of the former size
155r
Ps. cli, beginning imperfectly
155r
Incipit:
Pascebam oves patris mei
155r
Explicit:
a filiis israel. Deo gratias
155r
Rubric:
Incipiunt Cantici
155r
Rubric:
Canticum Isaie prophete ad matutinas feria II
155v
Canticum Ezechiae
The rubric here is
155v
Rubric:
OSCRIPTOREZACHARIE 1
156v
Rubric:
Canticum Annae
157r
Rubric:
Canticum Moysi prophete
158v
Rubric:
Canticum Abbacuc prophete
159v
Rubric:
Canticum Deuteronomii
162v
Rubric:
Hymnum trium puerorum
163r
(small decorative initial)
163v
Rubric:
Hymnum Zacharie
164r
Rubric:
Canticum Sanctae Mariae
164v
Rubric:
Canticum Simeon
164v
Rubric:
Hymnum die dominico ad matutinas
164v
Incipit:
Te Deum
165v
Rubric:
Hymnum angelicum
165v
Incipit:
Gloria in excelsis
166r
Rubric:
Incipit fides catholica
166r
Incipit:
Quicumque
167v
Rubric:
Oratio Dominica
168r
Incipit:
Incipit symbolum
168r
(In margin the Aue in a hand of cent. xiv)
168r
Rubric:
Incipit Oratio Sancti Benedicti
168v
Incipit:
Dominator domine deus omnipotens qui es trinitas una
(P. L.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) CI 1400)
170r
Explicit:
ut faciam uoluntatem tuam quia tu es deus meus tibi honor et gloria In saecula saeculorum. Amen
170r
Rubric:
Orationes ad uesperas seu ad matutinas et ad tertiam et ad nonam seu ad sextam
170r
Incipit:
Et ne nos inducas
170r
Rubric:
Orationes ad secundam
171v
Explicit:
Domine deus uirtutum conuerte nos
171v
Rubric:
Orationes maiores ad matutinas uel ad uesperas
171v
Incipit:
Oremus pro omni gradu ecclesiae
171v
Includes: Pro abbate nostro
172r
Rubric:
Orationes ad completa
172r
Incipit:
Domine exaudi, etc.
On f. 173r near the end: Exaudi deus Karlomanno regi uita
173r
Rubric:
Incipit Responsoria per totum annum in diuino officio canenda. Isti responsi sunt canendi ab aduentu domini usque in uigilio domini. Capitulum
173r
Incipit:
Ecce dies ueniunt dicit dominus et suscitabo
Neumes occur on f. 174v
The Responses for the Temporal end f. 176v. Then follow responses for S. Michael and for Common of Saints, ending f. 178r
178r
Rubric:
Orationes ad secundam
178r
Rubric:
Orationes ad tertiam
178r
Rubric:
Orationes ad sextam
178v
Rubric:
Orationes ad nonam
178v
Rubric:
Orationes ad vesperas
178v
Rubric:
Orationes pro semetipso
178v
Incipit:
Domine deus meus qui non habes dominum
179r
Rubric:
Qualiter orat. pro uiuo aguntur
179r
Rubric:
Qualiter orat. pro una femina
179r
Rubric:
Qualiter pro pluribus uiuis
179v
Rubric:
Qualiter pro uno defuncto
179v
Rubric:
Incipiunt orationes
179v
Incipit:
Domine deus omnipotens qui in trinitate perfecta
Six prayers
180r
Rubric:
Oratio Sancti Gregorii
180r
Incipit:
Rex seculorum et domine dominator
180v
Rubric:
Oratio Sancti Hieronimi
180v
Incipit:
Domine Iesu Christe dona mihi ut ambulem secundum mandata
180v
Rubric:
Alia
180v
Incipit:
Domine Iesu Christe noli me confundere
180v
Rubric:
Oratio Sancti Agustini Episcopi
180v
Incipit:
Miserere domine super animas quas creasti
181r
(181v)
Rubric:
Dicit S. Gregorius Episcopus cognoscatis quicunque hanc orationem omni die cantauerit sic dicit ipse Sanctus Gregorius quod nec malus homo nec diabolus nocere non potest ipsi homini nec animae nec corpori
181v
Incipit:
Domine exaudi orationem meam quia iam cognosco quod tempus meum prope est
182v
Rubric:
Confessio
183r
Incipit:
Confiteor domino et tibi frater
183r
In another hand, not much later
183r
Rubric:
Collecta in Exaudi domine iustitiam meam
183r
Incipit:
Conuerte domine oculos
183r
Rubric:
Collecta in Nisi dominus aedificauerit
183r
Incipit:
Domorum spiritalium
The above were omitted in the text
183r
Prayer in the same hand
183r
Incipit:
Clementissime deus qui me inutilem famulum tuum
183v
Explicit:
adiuuante atque trahente qui
ir
The first two(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) flyleaves (ff. ir-iiv) are from a roll or book of Christ Church, Canterbury, records of courts (xiv or xv)
iv
Incipit:
Acta in ecclesia Christi cant.
(year not given)
Many Kentish place-names occur
iiir
On the last flyleaf (f. iiir)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) are many unimportant scribbles
1  Probably a mistake for “scriptura regis ezechie” and not containing the name of the scribe