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286
Gospels of St Augustine(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Evangelia Cantuariensia
Codicology:Vellum, 245 x 190 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (9.5 x 7.5 in.), ff. 2 + 265 + 6, double columns of 25 lines to a page. Assigned to the vith cent. by Tischendorf (note by him on last flyleaf (f. vr)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)) on account of its marked likeness to Codex Amiatinus; to the vith cent. also by Traube (note in catalogue); to the viith cent. by more recent writers. In fine uncials on lines ruled with the dry point; words not divided. Beginnings of clauses are thrown out; the rest of the clause indented. First words of chapters in red. Sections (Eusebian-Ammonian) and headlines (occasional) in smaller hand. Each gospel is said to be in a distinct hand.
Collation: a2, gap, iii2 iv8-xii8 xiii10 (wants 1 or 4) xiv8-xviii8 (+ 8*) xix8 (wants 1, 8) xx8-xxviii8 xxix4 (wants 4) xxx8-xxxvi8 xxxvii4, b2 c2 d2.
Provenance:Most critics agree in thinking that it was written in Italy. From St Augustine's, Canterbury (see charters at end). 1
Quires iv-xii have on their last page near the inner corner Q. IIII etc. in a hand at least near the time of the original. Most of the others have had a number written in cent. xiv on their first page. This has been erased in a majority of cases.
The vellum is of very unequal quality. The ink has disappeared in a good many places from the thinner sheets.
f. ir blank except for a slight green stain caused perhaps by metal. f. iir has a small rust mark at top. On f. iiv is a bearded head cleverly sketched by an English hand of cent. x, xi?
Research:This manuscript was Bentley's B, Westcott's 23 (Dict. Bibl. article Vulgate). In the Novum Testamentum Latine of Wordsworth and White it is X. It was collated for this edition by Dr A. W. Streane. It is no. 20 in Gregory's Prolegomena, p. 995.
Research:The principal reproductions are in: Westwood, Anglo-Saxon and Irish MSS., pp. 49, 50. Westwood, Palaeographia Sacra Pictoria, pl. ii. Goodwin, Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Alphabets, etc., 3 pages of text, painting I, and small scenes from painting II. In colours. Palaeographical Society I, pl. 33, 34, 44. Cambridge Antiquarian Society Proceedings Vol. II, pl. ix, painting II. In colours. Garrucci, Storia del' arte Cristiana III.
Research:Mr H. J. White (Article Vulgate in Hastings' Dict. Bib. IV 887) says of this MS. (according to tradition sent by Pope Gregory to Augustine) “the text does not bear out this supposition, it closely resembles that of the preceding MS. (Bodl. Auct. D. 2. 14) and is really Anglo-Saxon, though it has been corrected throughout in accordance with a MS. of the Amiatinus type.” In spite of this complexion of the text it must be remembered that a large consensus of critics assign to the writing and paintings an Italian origin. It is of course possible that like the Codex Amiatinus this book may have been written by an Italian resident in England.
Research:The latest discussion of the MS. which I have seen is that by Dom J. Chapman, Early History of the Vulgate Gospels (1908) 183 sqq., who disagrees with Mr White's conclusions. His final statement (p. 189) is: “The two noble volumes of Gospels [i.e. this MS. and the Bodleian Gospels, Auct. D. 2. 14] are old enough to be what they were believed to be; and I do not think the internal evidence of their readings can be shown to make this impossible.”
Research:Traube (Nomina Sacra, p. 189, note 3) says: “Es hatten dns die alten Handschriften, die aus Rom und S ditalien nach England durch Augustin und seine Nachfolger kamen, Handschriften, von denen wir selbst noch besitzen z. B. den Bonifatianus I in Fulda, die Evangelia S. Augustini Cambridge C. C. C. 286 und W rzburg Theol. Q. 2 (der Laudianus dagegen schreibt die Nomina sacra aus.)”
Foliation: ff. a-c + i*-iii* + 1* + 1-265 + i-v + d-g(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin and Old English.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1r-74r
Gospel of Matthew (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Evangelia quatuor Latine secundum versionem D. Hieronimi, haud tamen absque majoris momenti lectionibus ab editione vulgata discrepantibus. De hoc autem codice notandum est eum ab aliis antiquissimis codicibus, quos in Anglia scriptos esse constat, cum quoad membranorum faciem tum quoad atramenti colorem tum denique quoad literarum ductum maxime differre. Quae quidem cum aliis infra dicendis rationibus faciunt ut credam hunc codicem unum esse eorum quos ad Augustinum Anglorum apostolum et primum Dorobernensem archiepiscopum mille et centum abhinc annis misit Gregorius magnus papa Romanus. De libris ab eo in Angliam missis consulat eruditus lector Iohannem Diaconum in vita Gregorii magni cap. 37. et Beda historiam ecclesiasticam lib. i. cap. 29(Content authored by Nasmith)
f. 1r begins imperfectly in capitula of Matthew (xii)
1r
Incipit:
(Nine)uitarum signum
pharisaeis tradit
matrem et fratres spernit
xxviii ends
2r
Explicit:
et doctrina eius de baptismo
2r
Rubric:
Explicuerunt
(red)
Below this is written (xi?) “Sifer
7 tate”
2r
Rubric:
Incipit ipse liber
On f. 2v is only Mattheus hominem in large capitals
Text begins at top of f. 3r
3r
Incipit:
Liber generationis
(in red)
This page bears some stains from a lost frontispiece
A conspicuous corrector, who writes in black uncials, appears on f. 14v, 15r etc.: he may be of cent. viii. A later corrector, English (ix?), writes haec on f. 14v, imperauit on 18r, muliere on f. 45v etc.
On f. 29r, col. 2, is seen a line written in the same script as the section-numbers. See also f. 39r, col. 1, and notably f. 58v, col. 2, bottom
Ends 74r, colophon in rustic capitals, lines alternately red and black
74r
Rubric:
Explicit Euangelium
secundum Mattheum
Incipit Euangelium
secundum marcum
Deo gratias
75r-77r
Prologue and Capitula to Mark (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
75r
Two little heads of dogs (?)sketched at top of f. 75r
Prologue to Mark
75r
Incipit:
Marcus euangelista dei
75v
Explicit:
incrementum dat deus est
75v
Rubric:
Explicit prologus
75v
(rustic capitals, red)
75v
Rubric:
Incipiunt capitula
76r
Incipit:
i de iohanne baptista et uictu etc.
77r
Explicit:
xiii -et resurrectio eius
77r
Rubric:
Explicuerunt
capitula.
77r-265v
Gospels of Mark, Luke and John (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
77r
Rubric:
Incipit
ipse liber
78r
Text, beginning in red
78r
Between the columns is drawn a half-length figure of a being with lion's claws and ears, and human face, winged, holding a book (facsimile in Goodwin, l.c.). It is before this leaf that the leaf with the frontispiece seems to have stood: there are some colour-stains on 78r.
91r, col. 2, has been largely re-inked
Ends 124r. Colophon as before in red and black rustic capitals
124r
Rubric:
Explicit Euangelium secund(um)
Marcum. Incipit
secundum Luca
124v blank
On f. 125r the famous painting in twelve compartments. For reproductions see above. Another painting most probably preceded it
125v is blank
Prologue
126r
Incipit:
Lucas syrus antiocensis arte medicus
126v
Explicit:
prodisse
126v
Rubric:
Explicit prologus
Incipiunt capitula
127r
Incipit:
i Zacharias angelo non credens
129r
Explicit:
xx -resurrectio eius et reliqua
129r
Rubric:
Explicuerunt
Brebes. Incipit
ipse liber
129v
129v has the second painting, of St Luke, surrounded by scenes from the Ministry. For reproductions see above
130r
Headline in rustic
130r
Rubric:
Incipit Euangelium secundum Luca
Text
130r
Incipit:
Quoniam quidem
After 130v a leaf is gone. 130v ends Et incredibiles (1 17). 131r begins Et regni eius (1 33)
On f. 194v, col. 2 “passio dni nri” is written in the hand of the later corrector (English minuscule of cent. viii?)
Ends
205v
Rubric:
Explicit Euangelium secundum Luca.
Incipit secundum Iohanne
Inc. prologus
eiusdem. Deo
gratias
205v
Here a leaf with the frontispiece to John is missing. There are slight stains on f. 206r
Headline
206r
Rubric:
Praefatio
206r
Incipit:
Iohannes euangelista
206v
Explicit:
doctrina seruetur. Amen
206v
Rubric:
Explicit prologus
Incipiunt capitula
207r
Incipit:
i Pharisaeorum leuitae
207v
Explicit:
xiv -Et resurrectio eius
207v
Rubric:
Expliciunt capitula. incipit ipse liber
At top of 207v in rustic capitals + More volans aquilae petit astra Iohannes
Text
208r
Incipit:
In principio erat
uerbum
On f. 256r is a spirited sketch of a man in a pointed cap gesticulating: probably meant for a Jew
Ends
265v
Rubric:
Explicit Euangelium
secundum Iohannem
Deo gratias
semper. Amen
1.
74v-74v
Grant of renders from land at Brabourne, Kent by Ealhburg to St Augustine's Abbey, c. A.D. 850 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testamentum Ealhburgae in quo recitantur quae legavit monasterio S. Augustini (Content authored by Nasmith)
Quod quidem testamentum publicavit D. Georgius Hickesius in dissertatione sua epistolari(Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. 74v, in fine round black hand, the Will of Ealhburh
74v
Incipit:
In nomine domini ealhburh hafa geset myd hyre freonda
(facsimile in Goodwin, Cambridge Antiquarian Society 1847, pl. 1)
74v
Explicit:
agife land 7 bec am hiƿum to sanctæ agustine
Wanley, p. 151
S 1198 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
2.
77v-77v
Agreement between Wulfric, abbot of St Augustine's, Canterbury, and Ealdred, son of Lyfing, about land at Clife, Kent, c. A.D. 990 x 1005 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Conventio Saxonice scripta [Paulo ante initium evangelii secundum D. Marcum] quae facta fuit inter Wulfricum abbatem [qui floruit A.D. 949] et Ealredum Lifingi filium (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. 77v, originally blank, in good black hand
77v
Incipit:
In nomine domini nostri Iesu Christi her sƿutela on isum geƿrite hu ƿulfric abb.
(facsimile in Goodwin, l.c.)
77v
Explicit:
to hyra saƿle earfe butan ende; amen
Wanley, p. 157
S 1455 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
3.
ir-ir
Agreement about land at Wicham (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Redditio terrae de Wicham Deo et S. Augustino et domino Hugoni abbati per Robertum Fresla, in illa quadragesima in qua rex Henricus dedit filiam suam imperatori (Content authored by Nasmith)
ir
Incipit:
Item de terra WICHAM nominata, etc.
This is in a hand very closely resembling that of the Missal MS 270
4.
ir-ir
Agreement between Osbern de Ripla and St Augustine's Abbey (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Conventio inter Osbernum de Ripla filiosque ejus et abbatem S. Augustini de annua pensione XVIs. VIIId. solvenda ex terra de Ripla (Content authored by Nasmith)
ir
Incipit:
Hec est actio que facta est in presentia hugonis abbatis secundi
ir
Explicit:
Anno ab incarnatione domini Millmo co xlvito xvmo kal. apr. apud Norburnam in Hallimoto
In a good black pointed hand
5.
iv-iir
List of relics (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Reliquiae quae sunt in uno parvo nigro scrinio uno flore notato (Content authored by Nasmith)
iv
Incipit:
H sunt reliquie in uno paruo nigro scrinio flore uno signato. De ligno domini plures particule. De sepulchro domini. De Scapula Sancti Nicomedis martiris. De Capillis Sancte Cecilie uirginis et martiris, De Sancta Margareta. De Sancto Ianuario. De uestis Sancte Marie. De ossibus et uestis Sancti Clementis martiris. De uestis Sancte Cecilie. De Sancto Antonio episcopo. De Sancto Laurentio martire. De Sancto Johanne Baptista os unum. De Sancto Pancratio martire. Costa de Sancto Mathia Apostolo. De Sanctis Wandregesilo-Martino- Medardo atque Gildardo, Odulfo episcopo, Audoeno, Dens Sancti Vedasti, De Sanctis Wlgaro, Paulino, Affre, Geruasio, Ambrosio. De cruce Sancti Andree apostoli, De Sanctis Mildretha, Wilfrido, Eadgitha, Folquino, Walburga, Amato Episcopo, Petrocio, Bartholomeo Apostolo, Tecla. Digitus Sancti Gregorii. De Sancto Jacobo Apostolo fratre Sancti Johannis. De Sanctis Nicholao, Leonardo, Benedicto et alie plures reliquie sine scriptis. Et de Sancta Fide Virgine
iv
In a separate line: “Hollord. Ketil. Ozor. Yun. Andreus. Asclathe
iir blank
6.
iiv-iiv
Agreement about a hill near Sakenhethe (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Concessio collis, qui est proximus Sakenhethe, Jacobo filio Gilrici per Robertum abbatem et conventum, ea conditione ut dictus Jacobus ibi faciet unam salinam et reddet annuatim ad curiam de Cistelet II ferdendellos salis et V solidos (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiv in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
7.
iiv-iiv
Agreement about seven acres in Betleshangre (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Concessio 7 acrarum in Betleshangre Willelmo filio Hugonis de Betleshangre per Robertum abbatem et conventum, reservata pensione XLII denariorum curiae de Norb. annuatim solvenda (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiv in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
8.
iiv-iiv
Agreement about the messuage of Colombine the cleric (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Concessio messuagii Columbino clerico per eundem abbatem et conventum, reservata pensione Xs (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiv in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
9.
iiv-iiv
Agreement about the messuage of Benedict son of Radulph (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Concessio messuagii Benedicto filio Radulphi per abbatem et conventum reservata pensione XIIIIs. annuatim (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiv in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
10.
iiir-iiir
Agreement about ten and a half acres at Estbotleshangre (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Concessio 10 acrarum terrae et dim. in villa de Estbotleshengre Hamoni filio Willelmi de Botleshanger per Robertum elemosinarium cum consensu abbatis et conventus (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiir in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
11.
iiir-iiir
Confirmation of the previous agreement about ten and a half acres at Estbotleshangre (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Confirmatio ejusdem donationis per abbatem et conventum (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiir in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
12.
iiir-viv
Agreement about the garden of William son of John of Fenglesham (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Concessio cujusdam horti Willelmo filio Iohannis de Fenglesham per dictum elemosinarium (Content authored by Nasmith)
On f. iiir in charter hand of cent. xiii, of the time of Abbot Robert (de Bello) 1224-1252
iiiv-viv blank: unimportant scribbles on f. ivv
vr
On the paper flyleaf at end is this note: “Codex tanta similitudine codicis Amiatini excellit ut omnino saeculi vi esse dicendus sit. M. mart. 9. a. 1865. Const. Tischendorf
1  Ancient Libraries, pp. lxvii, lxviii. It is probably, but not certainly, mentioned by Thomas of Elmham.