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48
Bible(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Biblia
Codicology:Vellum, 324 x 212 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (12.7 x 8.3 in.), ff. 276 + 3, in double, triple and quadruple columns of 63 lines. Cent. xii late, in very beautiful small hands.
Collation: I8-VI8 VII10-XXVIII10 (+1) XXIX10 (wants 8-10), a2 (+1).
Provenance:The presence of the tract of Senatus Bravonius in this Bible has always suggested the probability that it is a Worcester book. I would point out that there is a very great similarity in size, arrangement of writing and contents, between this and a Bible at Eton College (no. 26 in my catalogue). This latter book is written in triple columns of 62 lines. Its contents are arranged in much the same way, viz.:
Genesis - 2 Chron.
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch, Lamentation (Hebrew alphabet precedes in red, blue and green).
Ezekiel - Malachi.
Job.
Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, 1 Esdr.
Proverbs - Ecclesisastes, Oratio Salomonis.
Tobit, Judith, 1, 2 Maccabees
Psalter (triple, with much prefatory matter).
Table of Epistles and Gospels.
Eusebian Canons.
Evv., Acts, Catholic Epistles, Apocalypse
Pauline Epistles (verses of Damasus, and preface of Pelagius).
Laodicean follows Hebrew
The Eton book was given to St Albans by Prior Mathias. This is recorded at the top of f. 1r and at the end of Proverbs. There was room for a like record at the top of f. 1r of the Corpus Bible, which has been removed. There is no direct proof that the Eton Bible was written at St Albans, but my belief is that it was a sister book to the Corpus Bible and that both belonged to St Albans. The Corpus book is far more finely decorated.
A third book closely connected with these two is a 2nd volume of a Bible at Trinity College, Dublin (A. 2. 2: no. 51 in Abbott's Catalogue). This has the prologue of Senatus; the same prologues to the Pauline Epistles: the writing and ornament also agree (note specially the mottled marble shafts in the framework of the Gospel Canons). It belonged in the xvth century to Westdereham in Norfolk.
Additions:In the cover (f. av)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) are pasted two slips, one of vellum with a carefully written extract from Leland on Senatus Bravonius, the other of paper with notes of some various readings (xvi).
Additions:A slip has been cut from the top of f. 1r and replaced by blank vellum.
Additions:On the flyleaves at the end (ir-ivv)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College). A piece of parchment pasted on (iir)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), with a list of the contents of this Bible (xv).
Verses and note on the Tribes (iiir)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College).
Classified list of the books (ivr)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) (xvi early).
Note to the effect that there are 258 leaves in the book from Gen. i (ivr)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College).
Additions:Decoration. The initials in this book are exceedingly beautiful. I give a list of those which contain subjects or are otherwise remarkable (included within contents below)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College).
Foliation: ff. a-b + 1-276 + i-iv + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
1r-276v
Bible (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
1r
In double columns
1r
Prologue Jerome ad Paulinum
1r
Prol. Initial in gold very delicately outlined in black
2v
In triple columns
2v
Capitula of Genesis - Judges, 1 Regum - 2 Paralipomenom, Rest., Tobit, Judith, 1, 2 Maccabees
7r
Pref. b. Ieronimi presb. ad Desiderium
7r
Prol. to Pentateuch, Jerome as black monk nimbed, writing, with knife and pen. In the tail of the letter a tonsured bust. Gold ground.
7v
Genesis begins
Stichometric notes are given in most cases
7v
Genesis. Magnificent initial, the height of the page. The general scheme is ladderlike, with small white beasts: gold ground, edged with green. At top, quatrefoil: gold ground. Christ half-length with scroll across, blessing
7v
Six medallions, red frames:
a. Angels. 3 heads seen on L., 3 on R., one half-length full-face in C.
b. Band of clouds above and blue lined water below. Globe in C. marked HILE (ὕλη).
c. Red ground, clouds, earth with trees, water.
d. Sun and moon with faces, red stars in blue sky, earth with trees, water.
e. Bird in clouds, birds (swans, storks, etc.) on earth: whales in water.
f. Beasts on L. Christ in C. creates Eve (on R.)
7v
Quatrefoil, gold ground. Christ half-length with scroll hands to Moses, nimbed, below, the Tables delicately mottled in various hues to represent marble.
The subsequent initials as far as Job are decorative and are of the most exquisite delicacy and brightness. Perhaps that to Zechariah may be singled out as particularly marvellous for the fineness of its white pattern on deep blue. The initials are uniformly edged with green
47r
Jos. Prol.
47r
Incipit:
Tandem finito
52r
Jud. Arg. (ex epistola beati Ieronimi ad Paulinum). Short extract
57r
Similarly for Ruth
58r
1 Reg. Prol.
58r
Incipit:
Viginti duas
84r
1 Par. Proll.
84r
Incipit:
Si septuaginta
84r
Incipit:
Eusebius Ieron. Domnioni
84v
Argumentum ex epistola ad Paulinum
97r
2 Par. is followed by the Prophets
119r
Baruch follows Jeremiah and precedes Lamentations
121r
Lamentations is headed by a fine table of the Hebrew alphabet. The Hebrew letters are well written in gold, and their names, in red and green capitals, are twice given in the columns on R. with two sets of interpretations. At top are turrets with shields hanging to them. Linen guards to initials survive in the case of some of the minor prophets (ff. 138r, 141v, 142r)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
148r
After Malachi follow
149r
Job
149r
Job. Job's wife on L. Job on R. Scrolls inscribed in red: Benedic deo et morere. Quasi una de stultis mulieribus locuta es. Red ground
154v
Prov., Eccl., Cant, (with the speakers indicated in the margin on f. 160v(Content authored by Corpus Christi College))
160v
Cant. A crowned female seated, one hand to her face. A curious cleft is managed in the initial so that the text (Osculetur) is directly connected with her other hand. Esther. Of singularly fine execution
161r
Ezra, Nehemiah
166v
(Followed by extract. “Hic post incensam a chaldeis iudeam” )
166v
Hester
167r
Esther. Of singularly fine execution
169v
Sap. (prol. Liber sapientie
Tres libros salamonis)
173r
Ecclus. Oratio Salomonis
173r
Ecclus. A crowned white-bearded man, half-length, facing R. A cleft in the initial (as above)
182v
Tobit
184r
Judith
184r
Judith . Birds with necks intertwined on a fine red ground
187r
1, 2 Maccabees
199r
Epistola Eusebii de canonibus euangeliorum
199r
Incipit:
Eusebius Carpiano
199r
Rubric:
Incipit tractatus magistri Senati Wigorniensis bibliothecharii de concordia et dispositione canonum euangeliorum
199r
Incipit:
Dilecto amico suo et socio magistro Æluredo suus senatus wig(orniensis) ecclesie films salutem et si quid in obsequio potest. Inter preciosa maiorum munera
Ending
200r
Explicit:
et omnia in quibus conuenientia cum aliis repperiri potest
The opening of this, with the interesting reference to the Bible presented to Worcester by king Offa, was printed by Martene and Durand, Thes. Nov. I 484, from a manuscript then at Conches (in Normandy)
200r
Rubric:
Incipit epistola sancti ieronimi ad damasum
200v
The Canons under arches
200v
The Canons under coloured arches with coloured shafts. A delicately mottled marble shaft (see on Gen.) is very striking
201v
Distinctiones Canonum (beginnings of the sections)
203v
Capitula of the four Gospels
204v
In quadruple columns
204v
Prol. Plures fuisse
204v
The Arguments (Matheus ex iudea etc.) in parallel columns
205v
The Text of the Four Gospels in parallel columns
205v
The initials to the Gospels (all on one page) contain the Evangelistic emblems and make a noble appearance
The breadth of the column varies with the length of the text, Mark being naturally the narrowest
233v
In triple columns
233v
Capitula to Acts, Cath. Epp., Apoc., Pauline Epp.
Followed by text of
236r
Acts, Cath. Epp., Apocalypse
Cath. Epp. have prologues
242v
Jacobus Petrus Iohannes ludas
242v
Incipit:
Non ita est ordo
Jac.
243r
Incipit:
Jacobum qui appellatur
243r
Incipit:
Jacobus apostolus sanctum instruit clerum
243r
James and 1 Peter (f. 244r)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) contain half-length figures of the writers
1 Pet.
243v
Incipit:
Simon petrus filius Iohannis
243v
Incipit:
Discipulos saluatoris inuicti
2 Pet.
244v
Incipit:
Symon petrus per fidem
1 Joh.
245r
Incipit:
Johannes apostolus et euangelista quem Ihesus amauit
245r
Incipit:
Racionem uerbi
2 Joh.
246r
Incipit:
Usque adeo ad sanctam
3 Joh.
246r
Incipit:
Gaium pietatis
Jud.
246r
Incipit:
Judas frater iacobi
246r
Incipit:
Judas apostolus fratres
246v
Apoc. Half-length figure of Christ with the sword (silver) across His mouth: holding book
After Apoc.
249v
Rubric:
Incipit prefatio pelagii de corpore epistolarum beati pauli apostoli
249v
Incipit:
Primum queritur quare post euangelia
Alia prefatio Ieronimi
250r
Incipit:
Omnis textus uel numerus
Argumentum in Rom.
250r
Incipit:
Romani sunt qui
250v
Incipit:
Romani sunt in partes
250v
Rom. Half-length of Paul with scroll
The usual arguments to the other Epistles
263v
Philem. A large blue nude man with red face and beard hangs from the initial
263v
Heb. is followed by
266r
Rubric:
Incipit Epistola ad Laodicenses que non habetur in canone
A smaller rubric says
266r
Rubric:
hec epistola non est emendata
After the text
266r
Rubric:
Ex epistola ad Colosenses
266r
Incipit:
Cum lecta fuerit etc.
266r
Rubric:
Beatus Gregorius in ultimo moralium
266r
Incipit:
Paulus apostolus quamuis epistolas quindecim etc.
266r
In the 2nd column another text of the Epistle, neatly written in cent. xvi
266r
In the 3rd column a copy of the Wycliffite version of the epistle written at the same time
267r
In quadruple columns
267r
Interpretationes nominum
267r
Incipit:
Abel ciuitas uel filius adam qui interpretatur luctus etc.
Ends (Zorobabel)
276r
Explicit:
Uel magister babylonis uel confusionis
The work maintains its excellence to the end