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53
The Peterborough Psalter and Bestiary(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Psalterium. Chronicon Petroburgense. Bestiarium
Codicology:Vellum, 347 x 231 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (13.7 x 9.3 in.), ff. 210 + 2, two volumes of cent. xiv, exquisitely written and ornamented.
Multivolume:
Volume II: In an exquisite hand, double columns of 42 lines. Cent. xiv early.
Collation: a2 16-36 | 412-1712 182 || 1912 2012 (wants 11, 12).
Provenance:From Peterborough.
On the flyleaf (ir)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) in a large hand slightly later than that of the book:
“Psalterium fratris Hugonis de Stiuecle; prioris” .
The last word may be a later addition.
Research:Other noteworthy Peterborough Psalters are at Brussels, Bib. Roy. 9963 (s/b 9961-2)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), Fitzwilliam Museum, no. 12, Society of Antiquaries (Psalter of Rob. de Lindsey), St John's College, Glossed Psalter of Robert de Lindsey.
Foliation: ff. a-d + i-ii + 1-2 + 4 + 3 + 5-210 + e(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin and Anglo-Norman.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
Volume I
1.
1r-180r
Psalter and Office of the Dead (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
1r
Kalendar in red and black
Decoration.
The Kalendar has two medallions with gold grounds (in lower margin except in January) illustrating the occupation and sign of each month
1r
January. Three-faced, at table, drinking with left face eating with right: boar's head on table
1r
Aquarius. Woman in blue seated full-face with two bottles
1v
February. Sits with face to L. by fire and hooks a piece of meat out of a pot. Piscis
2r
March. In hat prunes vine (tree): facing L. Aries
2v
April. Rides to L. hawk on hand. Taurus
3r
May. A girl with full face on grass holding flowers in each hand
3r
Gemini. Nude, linked by arm round each other's back: a blank shield in front of them
3v
June. In broad hat, mowing. Leo
4r
July. In broad hat, reaping. Cancer
4v
August. Threshes. Virgo holds palm
5r
September. Two figures, one with stick, and hotte on back: one treads grapes
5r
Libra. Held by a woman
5v
October. Sows from a wooden barrel-like vessel. Scorpio
6r
November. Beats oak, for a pig. Sagittarius. Centaur, hind-feet lion-like, shoots backward
6v
December. Strikes pig with back of axe. Capricorn half-goat, half cornu copiae.
In the Kalendar
1r
January
4. Eadwardi reg. C.
19. Wlstani Ep. C.
1v
February
3. Werburge V. added early
28. Oswaldi archiep.
2r
March
1. Dauid
6. Translacio kyneburge kyneswythe ac Tybbe. duplex in red
18.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Eadwardi
20.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Cuthberti
2v
April
3. Ricardi Ep. C. in red
19.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Aelphegi
3r
May
19. Dunstani in red
25.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Aldelmi, in red
26.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Augustini, in red
3v
June
3. Obitus Rogeri de Essesse in red
23. Etheldrede
4r
July
7. Translatio S. Thome M. in red erased and rewritten in cent. xvi
4v
August
5. Oswald added in red late
5r
September
4. Cuthberti
15. Festiuitas reliquiarum Sarum
16. Edithe
24. Dedicacio ecclesie S. Trinitatis Norwici in red
27. In red in margin, original: Obitus d. Iohannis Comitis Warrenn' ao gratie Mo CCCo IIIJo
28. Dedicacio ecclesie Burgi in red
5v
October
4. Francisci C. et doctoris in red
5. or 6. Added in margin in charter hand: “Obitus Hugonis de Stiuecle quondam Prioris Burg
21. 11,000 Virgins erased
6r
November 16. and 20.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Both Edmunds in red
6v
December
3. Obitus dyonisie de Styrop
10. Obitus lecie matris domini oliueri de Wysete
15. Obitus d. Willelmi de Warenn'
29. Thomas erased and rewritten in red
7r
Twelve leaves with pictures
The full-page pictures preceding the Psalter are thus arranged
a. A prophet and apostle under architectural canopy sometimes supported by central shaft, sometimes not; within frame. The apostle has a clause of the creed on a scroll; the prophet a corresponding prophecy. Names in red below the frame. Colours flat, pale green, blue, pink, brown etc. No grounds. Fine drawing
b, c. Gold grounds with incised pattern. Frame in colour. Architecture in spandrels, red silk guards. Fine drawing and colour: faces often have a dab of pink on the cheeks. The subjects are Life of Christ etc.
d. Prophet and apostle, as in a.
7r
1. Jeremias . Pointed cap. “Patrem uocabitis me dicit dominus” .
Petrus . “Credo etc. - terre”
7v
2. Annunciation under trefoiled arch. Both figures stand: a lily pot between them. The Virgin has a book. Scroll. “AUE GR”
8r
3. Nativity under cinqfoiled arch. The usual scheme, with Joseph seated on R.
8v
4. Andreas . “Et in I. C. dom. nostrum” .
Dauid in cap. “Filius meus es tu hodie genui te”
9r
5. Ysaias . “Ecce uirgo concipiet et pariet filium” .
Jacobus . “Qui conceptus - virgine”
9v
6. Resurrection under trefoiled arch. Three knights in mail. The one on L. has a yellow shield with six chevrons sable. An angel kneels on the end of the tomb facing R.
10r
7. Ascension in plain frame, without arch. There is no hill. The Virgin has a book. The figures below number seven in all
10v
8. Daniel . “Post ebdomadas lxii occiditur christus” .
Johannes (bearded). “Passum - sepultum”
11r
9. Oseas . “O mors ero mors tua morsus tuus ero o inferne” .
Thomas . “Descendit - mortuis”
11v
10. Coronation of the Virgin. Plain frame. In the upper corners are two angels with censers and incense-boats
12r
11. Betrayal under cinqfoil. Judas has a ring round his head not rilled in with colour as are most. Malchus, full face, is screaming. Peter's sword is cutting off the top of his head: much blood is on his face
12v
12. Amos . “Qui edificat in celum ascensionem suam” .
Jacobus maior (minor) . “Ascendit - omnipotentis”
13r
13. Johel . “In ualle Iosaphath iudicabit omnes gentes” .
Philippus . “Inde - mortuos”
13v
14. The Scourging. Cinqfoil arch. Christ bound to the pillar, full face. The ordinary scheme, with two executioners
14r
15. Bearing the Cross. Trefoil arch. Christ, covered with wounds. He walks to R. One executioner with his hand on His back draws Him on. The Virgin follows supporting the Cross. John behind, weeping
14v
16. Aggeus . “Spiritus meus erit in medio uestri” (this and the prophecy of Sophonias, which are both unusual, occur in a Bible of cent. xiii belonging to Mr Pierpont Morgan).
Bartholomeus . “Credo - sanctum”
15r
17. Mattheus . “Sanctam eccl. - communionem” .
Sophonias . “Hec est civitas gloriosa que dicit extra me non est”
15v
18. Crucifixion with the Virgin and S. John. Cinqfoil arch. Christ's side is wounded: three nails are used: no crown of thorns
16r
19. Two trefoil arches: no shaft.
L. The Virgin and Child. She holds a flower, He a fruit.
R. Christopher leaning on an oar, in the midst of the stream. Christ with an orb on His shoulder. Fish in the water
16v
20. Malachias . “Cum odio habueris dimitte” .
Symon . “Remissionem peccatorum”
17r
21. Zacharias . “Suscitabo filios uestros” .
Thadeus (beardless). “Carnis resurrectionem”
17v
22. Christ seated full face, in lozenge; L. hand on orb. The Evangelical emblems in the angles, with names
18r
23. Trefoil arch. L. Jacobus maior . Green wallet with escallop slung round him. Staff and book. R. John Baptist, hairy robe: he points to medallion of Agnus Dei in his L. hand
18v
24. Abdias . “Et erit regnum domini. Amen” .
Mathias . “Vitam - amen”
19r
Psalter in double columns of 17 lines. In a very large, tall, upright hand
Then follows the Psalter
19r
Beatus uir. At bottom: L. David with sling-stones in his garment. Three sheep in front. R. Goliath mailed: shield with face on it: banneret and spear: red surcoat: stone in forehead
19r
R. margin. Jesse tree on gold ground. Jesse sleeping at bottom: then a. David with harp. b. Solomon with scroll. c. A bad king in surprised attitude. d. Virgin and child. e. Christ with orb blessing
19r
Initial. David playing the harp. A chaffinch above in the border
38v
Dominus illuminatio. David kneels face R. at altar, finger to his eye. Head of Christ above
52r
Dixi. Similar. He points to his protruded tongue
64r
Dixit. David throned on L. A bald fool in mantle only, eating a cake and holding a club
76v
Saluum. Christ above: Jonah (?) below in water, perhaps emerging from the mouth of the large fish
92v
Exultate. David plays on five bells. Note the very fine white ornament on the blue ground outside the letter. This is conspicuous in other places
106v
Cantate. Clerks, one in cope, two in albs. Book on desk on R.
122v
Dixit dominus. The Father and Son seated full face. Cruciform nimbi. The Father on R. with hand on globe, the Son blessing. The Dove between them
136r
Ad dominum (CXIX. CXX). Like Dominus illuminatio, but here David is bareheaded and beardless: in blue
153r
Confitebor (Cantica). Christ throned full-face
153r
Cantica and Litany
In the Litany
Apostles: Petre II
Martyrs: Osuualde (2nd). Florentine. Albane, Edmunde, Elphege, Thoma erased
Confessors: Atheluuolde (5th) ... Cuthberte, Guthlace, Uuilfride, Suithune, Dunstane, Iohannes, Aidane, Botulphe, Egidi, Leonarde, Iuliane, Uulstane, Hugo II, Edmunde
Virgins: Kyneburga, Kynesuuitha, Tibba ... Etheldritha, Sexburga, Werburga
Suffrage for the Pope erased
Collects
169r
Incipit:
Deus cui proprium est misereri
169v
Incipit:
Omnipotens sempiterne deus. qui facis mirabilia
169v
Incipit:
Pretende domine
169v
Incipit:
Ure igni
169v
Incipit:
Acciones nostras
170r
Incipit:
Adesto domine
170r
Incipit:
A domo tua quesumus domine repellantur
170r
Incipit:
Deus a quo sancta desideria
170r
Incipit:
Ecclesie tue quesumus
170v
Incipit:
Animabus quesumus
170v
Incipit:
Deus qui es sanctorum
171r
Commendacio animarum
174r
Incipit:
Placebo
174r
(Office of the Dead). A bier with blue pall and four candles
2.
180v-184v
Livere de Reis de Britannie (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
In a hand of cent. xiv early: double columns of 32 lines
180v
Chronicle of England in French to Edward I's death
180v
Incipit:
Deuant la natiuite nostre seignur mil et cc. anz uint brutus le fiz siluius en engletere
184r
The first hand ends (on Edward I)
184r
Explicit:
Cil regna .xxxiiij. anz et x. meis si morust e git a weymoster
184r
A hand of about 1400 continues
184r
Incipit:
Apres cesti Roi eduuard vint sire eduuard soun fiiz
184v
Ending with the coronation of Henry IV
184v
Explicit:
lan de grace mil. ccc. nouaunttime et neofyme
3.
185r-188v
Chronicle of Peterborough (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Chronicle of Peterborough Abbey
In the first hand of item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 2
185r
Incipit:
Anno ab incarnacione domini Dco quinquagesimo ab aduentu S. Augustini ivo fundata fuit ecclesia de medeshamstede que nunc Burg uocatur
186v
The first hand goes down to abbot Will. de Wodeford
186v
Explicit:
per iiij annos ecclesiam bene rexit et mortuus est
186v
The second hand of item(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) no. 2 continues
186v
Incipit:
Godefridus de croiland
187r
And ends with Will. Genge (1396-1408)
187v
Explicit:
soluend' dicto abbati infra duos annos prox' post annum creacionis eiusdem
Referred to by Tanner etc., but seemingly not printed
f. 188r-188v is blank
Volume II
4.
189r-209v
Bestiary (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
A Bestiary
189r
Incipit:
Bestiarum uocabulum proprie conuenit leonibus pardis cxi 217
189r
Incipit:
Phisici dicunt leones tres principales naturas habere
The ornamentation of the Bestiary is very fine indeed
189r
(the first leaf) has partial border (oak and ivy-leaf). On R. a splendid grotesque with bow and arrow.
Initial with seated Lion among ivy-leaves: most beautifully painted.
Miniature: five intersecting circles in a square: grounds gold, patterned red and patterned blue. The medallions show:
a. Hunters on L. Lion on R. obliterates his tracks with his tail.
b. He roars at his whelp to raise it.
c. He looks at or is attacked by a serpent (scorpion ?).
d. He sniffs at a dead nude man (but will not attack him).
e. He eats a monkey, which cures him of sickness.
There is also an initial with human bust. These occur frequently
The pictures which follow are of various dimensions: frames in gold or colour with projecting leaves: grounds gold or patterned, blue or red divided into two, or quarterly. The subjects are
189v
Tiger deceived by mirrors. Huntsman rides off with cub. Pard
190r
Panther attracting beasts by his breath except the dragon which disappears into the ground
190v
Antelope, horns caught in tree. Huntsman. Unicorn, head in maid's lap, pierced by hunter. Lynx. Gryphon on dead ox
191r
Elephant with castle
191v
Beavers pursued bite off their glands. Ibex stands on its horns. Hyena devours shrouded corpse
192r
“Bonnacon” with curved horns, hunter on L. Monkeys carrying their young, hunters on L. Human-headed hairy-legged satyr. Deer eating serpent, swimming a river
192v
(192r)
White goats
193r
Caprea, red. Monoceros. Two bears, licking a cub
193v
Leucro(co)tta grinning. Crocodile devouring man. Manticora, humanheaded. Parandrus, antlered and clawed. Fox feigning death to attract birds
194r
Eale, huge horns. Wolf biting his paw: sheepfold on R., dog barking
194v
Group of dogs (L. part smeared). King (Garamantes) on L.: dogs attack his armed enemies
195r
Dead man watched by dog which keeps off birds: on R. dog attacks his murderer
195v
Adam robed, seated on L. by tree, naming beasts (lion, horse, ox, etc.) on R. Sheep. Ram
196r
Lamb. Goat. Boar. Bullock. Ox. Camel: two men load it
196v
Dromedary. Ass. Wild ass mutilates its young. Two horses
197v
Cat. Mice. Weasel
198r
Mole. Hedgehogs with apples. Ants: corn on L.
198v
A row of doves (?). Eagle on nest looking at the sun: R. plunging into the sea
199r
Vulture: a man's foot in its beak. Cranes: one holds stone in claw, others bow to it
199v
Parrot. Chaladrius (two) on sick man's bed. Storks: (a) on water, (b) eating snake
200r
Swans. Ibis: gives snake's eggs to its young. Ostriches arranging eggs in the sand. Fulica
200v
Halcyon, green. Phoenix : (a) in nest fired by sunbeam, (b) dead, a dragon flying away from it
201r
Goatsucker in tree: man slings at it. Ercinea avis. Hoopoes: brightly coloured. Pelicans with young. Owl (unlike): sun above
201v
Ship on L. Mermaid on R. holding two fish. Partridges. Pie
202r
Hawks. Nightingale on eggs. Sun and moon on R. Bats. Crow. Cornix in tree: man sits in chair on R. (auguring from its cry)
202v
Doves. Dove covering its nest with squillae to keep off wolf which runs off on L.
203r
Swallow. Quail. Peacock. Hoopoe
203v
Cock and hen. Ducks. Bees: two straw hives on L.
204v
Large dragon lies on its back open mouthed under tree: doves fly about. Three snakes. Blue and red dragon
205r
Basilisk (cock with snake's tail) attacked by weasel, birds fly about it: serpents flee on R. Two fourlegged vipers eat each other
205v
Asp (winged) stopping his ear: man (charmer) on R.
206r
Scitalis. Amphisbaena. Hydrus entering mouth of crocodile. Boas sucking a cow. Jaculus attacking sheep
206v
Syren, white snake, bites man's leg. Seps. Dipsae attack a man. Lacertus. Salamander in apple tree in C, licks the fruit: on R., a man who tastes it falls dead. On R. Salamander in fire. Saura emerges from hole in the wall (changing its skin) and looks at sun. Two stelliones
207r
Four blue snakes, variously engaged, viz. changing skin: drinking at stream: attacking a clothed man on R.: fleeing from a nude man on R.
207v
Two fish
There are no more illustrations, nor are spaces left for them
210r
The last section is on Rane
210r
Incipit:
Rane a garulitate eo quod circa genitales strepunt paludes
ending
210r
Explicit:
pelidorum. popillorum. solearum. lacertorum. ut luligo et huic similia
5.
210r-210v
Poem on the Vanity of the World (Cur mundus militat) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The poem
210r
Incipit:
Cur mundus militat sub uana gloria
Cuius prosperitas est transitoria
...
Superna cogita cor sit in ethere
Felix qui poterit mundum contempnere
(Wright, Poems of W. Mapes, p. 147)
210v
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